ROMANS
(Answers)



CHAPTER 1

  1. a. Obedience must accompany our faith. b. Paul's obedience in the faith was to spread the gospel among the Gentile nations.
  2. a. The gospel of Christ is our power to salvation for everyone who believes. b. The gospel message lifts us up daily and makes us salvageable by God's grace.
  3. God bestows a verdict of righteousness on the sinner. The sinner is treated as a non-sinner.
  4. All men of ungodliness and unrighteousness who suppress the truth will receive the wrath of God.
  5. a. They knew God but did not honor Him. They committed idolatry and homosexuality. b. He turned them over to their debased mind and uncleanness, letting them bring on themselves penalty for their ways by the consequences of their sins against one another even daily.

CHAPTER 2

  1. They were guilty of the same sins as those they judged.
  2. They believed their sins didn't compare to those Paul referred to in chapter one and they were believers too.
  3. God hopes that they will come to repentance and change their ways.
  4. Eternal life for those who obey the will of God. Those who are self-seeking, unrighteous, and evil will receive tribulation, anguish, indignation, and wrath on their soul.
  5. Patient continuance in doing good (in the name of the Lord) will bring salvation of your soul.
  6. a. Gentiles and all those before the law will be judged according to their deeds. b. The Israelites and any foreigner living or accepting the law will be judged according to the law. It was the rule until Jesus came and established the new covenant.
  7. The chosen ones who knew God dishonored Him by the sins they committed. The Gentiles believed God must be allowing these sins.
  8. Circumcision is not a physical sign of our faith to God and His will. It is a faith that is rooted in our heart that causes us to honor , fear, and obey God.
  9. We should not seek the approval of men but the praise of God.

CHAPTER 3

  1. Whatever God’s word says is true. If man speaks contradictory to God it is always false.
  2. Paul states an emphatic "No." Our sins will judge us at the end of time. If not then our hearts won’t be right and sin would not be bad.
  3. We do not pay for our sins - Jesus pays for them. No payment is required of us except to honor God, believe in Jesus, and live righteous before God.
  4. a. Sins committed under the law were overlooked by God. b. By the sacrifices required under the law for atonement God was patient of their sins. This was just a shadow of what was coming and the Jews knew this through the prophets. They knew Jesus the Messiah would come and He would bring forgiveness too.
  5. The law could not be discarded because by it they and we are aware of what sin is.
  6. Through the Spirit we carry the essence of the law in our hearts (as in 2:14).  Our faith recognizes the requirements of the law are now covered by Jesus' death.

CHAPTER 4

  1. The works of the law but specfically circumcision (see vs 9). To those who depended on the rituals it was an obligation to the law. To those who accept the forgiveness by Jesus it is mercy and grace.
  2. God has made us righteous through Jesus Christ. We are forgiven our lawless deeds.
  3. Abraham believed, honored and obeyed God from the beginning before he was ever circumcised.
  4. He was too old to father a child and so was Sarah.
  5. His faith was an unwavering faith and a tested faith.

CHAPTER 5

  1. Our hope is an inner awareness of assurance that God is with us and will get us through tribulations.
  2. Jesus died for us. We are reconciled to God now and have the hope of life by Jesus' resurrection.
  3. Sin was not identified or specified as such until the law but it was still punished by God by death (i.e. the flooding of the world; Sodom and Gomorrah, etc.).
  4. The gift of Jesus’ death on the cross provided every sinner the opportunity forgiveness of sins and justification for life.
  5. Condemnation came from Adam. Grace and life came from Jesus.
  6. a. Death had power over those who sinned. b. The grace of God results in life to those who believe.

CHAPTER 6

  1. a. We buried our sins with Jesus. b. We are raised to walk a new way of life, one that lives for God.
  2. We are no longer shackled to the result of our sins – death. We are free from death through Jesus.
  3. Jesus makes us alive to God by our justification through His death. And, as His resurrection still serves to glorify God our 'resurrection' to a new life must serve to glorify God.
  4. a. We let God be in control by obeying His will. b. Obeying God leads to righteousness. d. Sin leads to death spiritually and eternally.
  5. The free gift from God is eternal life through Jesus.

CHAPTER 7

  1. We left or became dead to the law and its condemnation of death.
  2. The law is in our hearts through the Spirit. By the newness of the Spirit, our hearts are now directed toward good works and righteousness.
  3. Sins and all its evil passions are identified by the law. The law brought death spiritually and through the sacrifices.
  4. a. No. b. The law identifies our sin so that we can rectify it.
  5. No. Sin dwells in us and we can fall because of it.
  6. The evil desires and propensities of the heart and the lust of the flesh bring us in to sin. The mind is willing but the flesh is weak!
  7. We serve the law of God consciously (by heeding the Spirit) or serve the law of sin by heeding to desires of the flesh.

CHAPTER 8

  1. There is no more condemnation of death because of sin but forgiveness to righteousness.
  2. The gospel was offered as a pardon to sin. By it we can be free from the results of sin which is death.
  3. The law could not justify us or make us righteous before God. It could not condemn or defeat the consequence of sin.
  4. The righteous requirement of the law was sacrificial death for the sins of the people. Jesus suffered this punishment for us so we won’t have to. His death was the sacrifice required under the law to atone for sins.
  5. Death is the result of being carnally minded. Those who seek the lust of the flesh, the lust of the eye, and the pride of life fall to this end.
  6. You are not God's or Christ's.
  7. The Holy Spirit who raised Jesus to life can also lead us to life.
  8. We resist sin by obeying the Spirit of God.
  9. a. We belong to our Father God. b. We can call on God any time and He will hear us and help us. We are His children and joint heirs with Christ.
  10. All living things on earth will change also. The earth will not be subject to corruption.
  11. a. We wait for the redemption of our bodies for eternal life. b. We must persevere in the hope of our redemption. c. We must keep believing, keep seeking, and keep worshiping God even in trials and tribulations.
  12. The Spirit of God will lead us and speak for us.
  13. a. God knew before hand some would believe in Jesus and become His children. b. He wanted them to conform to the image of His son. c. God sent Jesus for our justification. d. God glorified us by putting His Spirit in us. We have been honored and elevated by His Spirit in us. We have become one with Him. 
  14. a. God will be the judge. b. No one can condemn us. Jesus died for us. He has already condemned all sin for us.
  15. No, we can call on God anytime. He will always be there.

CHAPTER 9

  1. By our conscience. For a true believer the Holy Spirit will convict our conscience or give us peace.
  2. a. Those that are of the promise to Abraham through Sarah.  b. Those who came through Hagar the servant of Sarah.
  3. Esau was not given favor by God. He, his people, and his land suffered hardships.
  4. Those who do not know Him or serve Him have been used for His purpose. They have already forsaken Him. They, as all, are born into sin since Adam. They have not chosen to serve God. These God left to themselves but used them for His purposes (i.e. the nations driven out before Israel).
  5. Only a remnant of Israel will be saved – at least all who will believe and obey God through Jesus.
  6. Jesus Christ stands between us and God's wrath. He is our shield.
  7. Jesus is the stone that was rejected.

CHAPTER 10

  1. Israel was still trying to be righteous by the works of the law.
  2. He put an end to the works of the law because He was the ultimate sacrifice. There is no need for any other sacrifice. We are more righteous through Christ than we could have ever been by the law.
  3. This work has already been done once for all by Jesus. He will only return to deliver us to the Father.
  4. We believe the gospel and we continually speak of it in our lives.
  5. We must have confession unto salvation. Our words and actions must be true to our faith and religion. For with believing there must be a profession by our lives. We have to profess our faith in our lives through our conversations and by our actions.
  6. Anyone can call on God. He wishes all to be saved.
  7. Faith comes by hearing and hearing by the word of God.
  8. Israel has not believed the gospel of Christ even though they have heard the word of the gospel. They crucified Him because they did not know He was the Messiah.
  9. The Gentiles were used to provoke Israel to jealousy.

CHAPTER 11

  1. A remnant of Israelites who served God and did not fall to the worship of Baal. God has remembered them for salvation.
  2. The works of the law mainly circumcision.
  3. He left them to their own ways. They fell into a trap by rejecting Jesus.
  4. a. Israel is the first fruit and root. b. The lump is all those joined to Israel. The branches are all believers whether Jew or Gentile under Christ.
  5. Some were lost because of unbelief in Jesus as the Messiah while Gentiles were added to the Kingdom in Jesus.
  6. The Gentiles are the wild tree grafted in to the natural olive tree (Israel).
  7. The Gentiles received the gift of grace for salvation. (Eph. 2:8, 11-13).

CHAPTER 12

  1. To present our bodies a living sacrifice, holy and acceptable to God, and for His purpose.
  2. a. We are to consider the will of God in all areas of our life so we will do what is acceptable to God. b. The scriptures, prayer, and the Spirit will help us.
  3. They thought themselves above Israel since they were receiving God’s favor and Israel wasn’t. They may also had an issue of one gift was better than someone else’s gift.
  4. We all have different gifts and service to God.
  5. Hate what is evil and cling to what is good.
  6. Diligently and zealously we should seek to do His will.
  7. Be patient and pray, knowing God will help you.
  8. The humble, those who do not seek to be glorified by man but by God.
  9. a. As much as depends on us we are to live at peace with all people. b. We are not to avenge ourselves; God will avenge us.

CHAPTER 13

  1. a. Yes. b. God has set this leadership over us. We must still stand against immorality and lawlessness prompted by the authority. c. Yes, we must live in peace with people and God will use collections for our benefit too.
  2. Love does no evil. When you love someone as yourself, you will treat them better. You would want the same for yourself.
  3. We are to awake from living as the dead man to live in love and purity and acceptably before God as one who is alive because our salvation draws near. We will be judged when the Lord returns.
  4. We seek to live as Jesus lived making no provision for the flesh to fulfill its lust. We walk as light soberly and righteously.

CHAPTER 14

  1. Do not dispute over them especially with one weak in the faith.
  2. God can make him stand. He will show the truth to those who are weak in knowledge or the faith.
  3. a. We should not partake of it in front of him for his sake. b. Don’t let our good be spoken of as evil. We should act in love and avoid possibly destroying the work of God in him and the peace between us.

CHAPTER 15

  1. This shows brotherly love and helps to build him up.
  2. The Old Testament scriptures were written for them and now our understanding.
  3. The Jews.
  4. The Gentiles.
  5. To make them acceptable and sanctified to God.
  6. He wanted to go where the name of Jesus had not yet been established.
  7. Paul was bring a gift of goods to the poor and needy believers there.
  8. Paul feared the resistance and imprisonment from those who hated him for preaching the gospel.

CHAPTER 16

  1. The church was in their house.
  2. a. Note them and stay away from them. Avoid them as teachers; do not follow their instruction. b. They use smooth words and flattering speech to lure the people into their will.
  3. Be wise in what is good. Be innocent of what is evil.
  4. God will crush Satan.
  5. Tertius wrote the epistle for Paul.
  6. Jesus Christ to be revealed as savior not only to the Jews but also to the Gentiles.