- a. Obedience must accompany
our faith. b. Paul's obedience in the faith was to spread the gospel among
the Gentile nations.
- a. The gospel of Christ is
our power to salvation for everyone who believes. b. The gospel message
lifts us up daily and makes us salvageable by God's grace.
- God bestows a verdict of
righteousness on the sinner. The sinner is treated as a non-sinner.
- All men of ungodliness and
unrighteousness who suppress the truth will receive the wrath of God.
- a. They knew God but did not
honor Him. They committed idolatry and homosexuality. b. He turned them
over to their debased mind and uncleanness, letting them bring on
themselves penalty for their ways by the consequences of their sins
against one another even daily.
- They were guilty of the same
sins as those they judged.
- They believed their sins
didn't compare to those Paul referred to in chapter one and they were
- God hopes that they will come
to repentance and change their ways.
- Eternal life for those who
obey the will of God. Those who are self-seeking, unrighteous, and evil
will receive tribulation, anguish, indignation, and wrath on their soul.
- Patient continuance in doing
good (in the name of the Lord) will bring salvation of your soul.
- a. Gentiles and all those
before the law will be judged according to their deeds. b. The Israelites
and any foreigner living or accepting the law will be judged according to
the law. It was the rule until Jesus came and established the new
- The chosen ones who knew God
dishonored Him by the sins they committed. The Gentiles believed God must
be allowing these sins.
- Circumcision is not a
physical sign of our faith to God and His will. It is a faith that is
rooted in our heart that causes us to honor ,
fear, and obey God.
- We should not seek the
approval of men but the praise of God.
- Whatever God’s word
says is true. If man speaks contradictory to God it is always false.
- Paul states an emphatic
"No." Our sins will judge us at the end of time. If not then our
hearts won’t be right and sin would not be bad.
- We do not pay for our sins -
Jesus pays for them. No payment is required of us except to honor God,
believe in Jesus, and live righteous before God.
- a. Sins committed under the
law were overlooked by God. b. By the sacrifices required under the law
for atonement God was patient of their sins. This was just a shadow of
what was coming and the Jews knew this through the prophets. They knew
Jesus the Messiah would come and He would bring forgiveness too.
- The law could not be
discarded because by it they and we are aware of what sin is.
- Through the Spirit we carry
the essence of the law in our hearts (as in 2:14). Our faith recognizes the
requirements of the law are now covered by Jesus' death.
- The works of the law but specfically circumcision (see vs
9). To those who depended on the rituals it was an obligation to the law.
To those who accept the forgiveness by Jesus it is mercy and grace.
- God has made us righteous
through Jesus Christ. We are forgiven our lawless deeds.
- Abraham believed, honored
and obeyed God from the beginning before he was ever circumcised.
- He was too old to father a
child and so was Sarah.
- His faith was an unwavering
faith and a tested faith.
- Our hope is an inner
awareness of assurance that God is with us and will get us through
- Jesus died for us. We are
reconciled to God now and have the hope of life by Jesus' resurrection.
- Sin was not identified or specified
as such until the law but it was still punished by God by death (i.e. the
flooding of the world; Sodom and Gomorrah, etc.).
- The gift of Jesus’
death on the cross provided every sinner the opportunity forgiveness of
sins and justification for life.
- Condemnation came from Adam.
Grace and life came from Jesus.
- a. Death had power over those
who sinned. b. The grace of God results in life to those who believe.
- a. We buried our sins with
Jesus. b. We are raised to walk a new way of life, one that lives for God.
- We are no longer shackled to
the result of our sins – death. We are free from death through
- Jesus makes us alive to God
by our justification through His death. And, as His resurrection still
serves to glorify God our 'resurrection' to a new life must serve to
- a. We let God be in control
by obeying His will. b. Obeying God leads to righteousness. d. Sin leads
to death spiritually and eternally.
- The free gift from God is
eternal life through Jesus.
- We left or became dead to the
law and its condemnation of death.
- The law is in our hearts
through the Spirit. By the newness of the Spirit, our hearts are now
directed toward good works and righteousness.
- Sins and all its evil
passions are identified by the law. The law brought death spiritually and
through the sacrifices.
No. b. The law identifies our sin so that we can rectify it.
- No. Sin dwells in us and we
can fall because of it.
- The evil desires and
propensities of the heart and the lust of the flesh bring us in to sin.
The mind is willing but the flesh is weak!
- We serve the law of God
consciously (by heeding the Spirit) or serve the law of sin by heeding to
desires of the flesh.
- There is no more condemnation
of death because of sin but forgiveness to righteousness.
- The gospel was offered as a
pardon to sin. By it we can be free from the results of sin which is
- The law could not justify us
or make us righteous before God. It could not condemn or defeat the
consequence of sin.
- The righteous requirement of
the law was sacrificial death for the sins of the people. Jesus suffered
this punishment for us so we won’t have to. His death was the
sacrifice required under the law to atone for sins.
- Death is the result of being
carnally minded. Those who seek the lust of the flesh, the lust of the
eye, and the pride of life fall to this end.
- You are not God's or
- The Holy Spirit who raised
Jesus to life can also lead us to life.
- We resist sin by obeying the
Spirit of God.
- a. We belong to our Father
God. b. We can call on God any time and He will hear us and help us. We
are His children and joint heirs with Christ.
- All living things on earth
will change also. The earth will not be subject to corruption.
- a. We wait for the redemption
of our bodies for eternal life. b. We must persevere in the hope of our
redemption. c. We must keep believing, keep seeking, and keep worshiping
God even in trials and tribulations.
- The Spirit of God will lead
us and speak for us.
- a. God knew before hand some
would believe in Jesus and become His children. b. He wanted them to
conform to the image of His son. c. God sent Jesus for our justification.
d. God glorified us by putting His Spirit in us. We have been honored and
elevated by His Spirit in us. We have become one with Him.
- a. God will be the judge. b.
No one can condemn us. Jesus died for us. He has already condemned all sin
- No, we can call on God
anytime. He will always be there.
- By our conscience. For a true
believer the Holy Spirit will convict our conscience or give us peace.
- a. Those that are of the
promise to Abraham through Sarah.
b. Those who came through Hagar the
servant of Sarah.
- Esau was not given favor by
God. He, his people, and his land suffered hardships.
- Those who do not know Him or
serve Him have been used for His purpose. They have already forsaken Him.
They, as all, are born into sin since Adam. They have not chosen to serve
God. These God left to themselves but used them for His purposes (i.e. the
nations driven out before Israel).
- Only a remnant of Israel
will be saved – at least all who will believe and obey God through
- Jesus Christ stands between
us and God's wrath. He is our shield.
- Jesus is the stone that was
- Israel was still trying to be
righteous by the works of the law.
- He put an end to the works
of the law because He was the ultimate sacrifice. There is no need for any
other sacrifice. We are more righteous through Christ than we could have
ever been by the law.
- This work has already been
done once for all by Jesus. He will only return to deliver us to the
- We believe the gospel and we
continually speak of it in our lives.
- We must have confession unto
salvation. Our words and actions must be true to our faith and religion.
For with believing there must be a profession by our lives. We have to
profess our faith in our lives through our conversations and by our
- Anyone can call on God. He
wishes all to be saved.
- Faith comes by hearing and hearing
by the word of God.
- Israel has not believed the
gospel of Christ even though they have heard the word of the gospel. They
crucified Him because they did not know He was the Messiah.
- The Gentiles were used to
- A remnant of Israelites who
served God and did not fall to the worship of Baal. God has remembered
them for salvation.
- The works of the law mainly
- He left them to their own
ways. They fell into a trap by rejecting Jesus.
- a. Israel is
the first fruit and root. b. The lump is all those joined to Israel.
The branches are all believers whether Jew or Gentile under Christ.
- Some were lost because of
unbelief in Jesus as the Messiah while Gentiles were added to the Kingdom
- The Gentiles are the wild
tree grafted in to the natural olive tree (Israel).
- The Gentiles received the
gift of grace for salvation. (Eph. 2:8, 11-13).
- To present our bodies a
living sacrifice, holy and acceptable to God, and for His purpose.
- a. We are to consider the
will of God in all areas of our life so we will do what is acceptable to
God. b. The scriptures, prayer, and the Spirit will help us.
- They thought themselves
above Israel since they
were receiving God’s favor and Israel wasn’t. They may
also had an issue of one gift was better than someone else’s gift.
- We all have different gifts
and service to God.
- Hate what is evil and cling
to what is good.
- Diligently and zealously we
should seek to do His will.
- Be patient and pray, knowing
God will help you.
- The humble, those who do not
seek to be glorified by man but by God.
As much as depends on us we are to live at peace with all people. b. We
are not to avenge ourselves; God will avenge us.
- a. Yes. b. God has set this
leadership over us. We must still stand against immorality and lawlessness
prompted by the authority. c. Yes, we must live in peace with people and
God will use collections for our benefit too.
- Love does no evil. When you
love someone as yourself, you will treat them better. You would want the
same for yourself.
- We are to awake from living
as the dead man to live in love and purity and acceptably before God as
one who is alive because our salvation draws near. We will be judged when
the Lord returns.
- We seek to live as Jesus
lived making no provision for the flesh to fulfill its lust. We walk as
light soberly and righteously.
- Do not dispute over them
especially with one weak in the faith.
- God can make him stand. He
will show the truth to those who are weak in knowledge or the faith.
- a. We should not partake of
it in front of him for his sake. b. Don’t let our good be spoken of
as evil. We should act in love and avoid possibly destroying the work of
God in him and the peace between us.
- This shows brotherly love and
helps to build him up.
- The Old Testament scriptures
were written for them and now our understanding.
- The Jews.
- The Gentiles.
- To make them acceptable and
sanctified to God.
- He wanted to go where the
name of Jesus had not yet been established.
- Paul was bring
a gift of goods to the poor and needy believers there.
- Paul feared the resistance
and imprisonment from those who hated him for preaching the gospel.
- The church was in their
- a. Note them and stay away
from them. Avoid them as teachers; do not follow their instruction. b.
They use smooth words and flattering speech to lure the people into their
- Be wise in what is good. Be
innocent of what is evil.
- God will crush Satan.
wrote the epistle for Paul.
- Jesus Christ to be revealed
as savior not only to the Jews but also to the Gentiles.