PAUL'S UNRECORDED JOURNEY
is written during Paul's second journey and probably when he was at Corinth.
1 Corinthians: This is written
in the third journey. Paul passes Corinth when he goes back through Macedonia
15:24-25 - Paul has received the gift
from Macedonia to take to the saints in Jerusalem.
15:31- Paul is hoping his service to the
saints in Jerusalem will be acceptable to them. This must be the first
return to Jerusalem or he would know what to expect from them.
16:21- Timothy is with Paul. Timothy arrived
in the second journey also (Acts 16:1).
16:3 - Aquila and Priscilla enter in the
16:23 - Gaius is the host of Tertius the
writer for Paul. In 1 Cor. 1:14 he was in Corinth and was baptized by Paul.
Erastus joined Paul in the third journey (Acts 20:4). He is the treasurer
of the city of which Gaius is the host. Could Paul be in Corinth when this
is being written?
2 Corinthians: We know Paul
came to Corinth once in his second recorded journey (Acts 18:1). We also
know he passed Corinth up in his third recorded journey. After the third
trip Paul was taken prisoner. When could he make a third trip to Corinth?
This may be an unrecorded journey!
1:1- Sosthenes is with Paul (second journey
1:12 - Apollos, Paul, and Cephas have
already been there and taught the people.
3:5- Paul planted the word, Apollos fertilized
with his teaching. This has to be after the second journey or in the third
journey because we know Apollos went to Corinth at the end of Paul's second
journey (Acts 18:24).
16:5-8 - Paul is passing through Macedonia
now, but will hold off coming to Corinth at this time. He will tarry in
Ephesus for Pentecost (Acts 19-20).
16:12 - Apollos is known by the people
and will return. He came to Ephesus at the end of Paul's second journey
(Acts 18:21,24) and then went to Corinth (Acts 18:27; 19:1).
Galatians: Paul is clearly writing
this letter sometime after 17 years of ministry work. It is not clear though
exactly when he wrote this letter to the Galatians.
1:1- Timothy is with Paul.
1:8 - Paul faced trouble in Asia (Acts
1:15 - Paul intended to come to them a
second time but did not (1:5; 2:1). In his third journey he came to Athens
and went back to Macedonia without coming to them (Acts 20:2,3).
7:8 - Paul writes this after his first
letter to them.
9:4 - Paul is planning on coming to Corinth
expecting the prepared gift having maybe some Macedonians with him. He
seems to be in Macedonia (9:2).
12:14; 13:1 - Paul is coming for the third
time to Corinth.
Paul was in Asia(1:8), planned to go to
Corinth then Macedonia and back to Corinth (1:15,16). Paul ended up going
to Troas (2:12) then Macedonia.
Ephesians: This letter reads
as one of encouragement to a new foundation of believers. It is one that
seeks to strengthen and establish them early on due to the tribulations
facing them and also with Paul. It is written after the third journey and
probably while Paul is a prisoner at Jerusalem.
1:17-2:1 - Paul writes this letter after
a minimum of seventeen years. It was three years after his encounter with
the Lord on the road to Damascus before he goes to Jerusalem the first
time (Acts 9:26) and then fourteen years to go back to Jerusalem after
through Syria and Cilicia. It seems he went into the desert and then back
to Damascus for three years preaching the gospel (Verse 18 may fit Acts
9:26-30). This is when he probably stayed fifteen days before going to
Tarsus. Paul then goes to Antioch (Acts 11:25,26) before starting his first
recorded journey. This journey appears to have taken 14 years to loop through
twice. He does take Barnabas, who was with him on the first recorded journey,
to Jerusalem (Acts 15:2). Then they go to Antioch (Acts 15:35) before Paul
sets out for his second recorded journey.
2:11 - Paul confronts Peter concerning
circumcision when Peter comes to Antioch. This could fit Acts 15:1-5 when
men came from Judea to teach about circumcision.
Paul stays a long time in Antioch after
returning from his first journey (Acts 14:28).
Philippians: Paul writes this
while he is a prisoner in Rome.
3:13 - Paul's speaks of his tribulations
that occurred either at Ephesus (Acts 19 - third journey) or when he was
a prisoner at Jerusalem (after the return from the third journey).
6:19,20 - Paul is in chains, a prisoner.
6:21 - Paul sends Tychicus to Ephesus
t o report on the affairs of Paul. He joined Paul in the third journey.
In Acts 20:18 the elders in Ephesus come to Paul in Miletus.
Colossians: Paul writes this
letter from Rome.
1:1 - Timothy is with Paul (second and
1:13 - Paul a prisoner at the place where
there is a palace guard. This could be at Caesarea (Acts 23:26-33) or Rome
(one mentioned at Acts 28:16). Could there be a palace guard at Jerusalem
before he is moved to Caesarea?
1:20-26 - Paul feels he will produce more
fruit and return again to the Philippians. In verse 20 he sounds like there
is a possibility he will die. Could this be written before Acts 23:11?
In Acts 23:11 Paul is a prisoner in Jerusalem. He is told by the Lord that
he is going to Rome to testify.
2:23 - Paul is waiting to see his fate.
This sounds like the time he would be at Jerusalem or Caesarea. At Rome
he had a rented house for two years freely preaching the word (Acts 28:30,31).
4:10-18 - It seems the Philippians now
had an opportunity to help Paul by material needs to aid him in his ministry.
They must have sent the gifts to Rome while Paul was able to move about
freely for the two years he was there.
4:22 - The household of Caesar greets
the church at Philippi. This for sure is in Rome!
1 Thessalonians: This is written
during the third journey after Timothy comes back to Paul with a report
concerning the Thessalonians.
1:1 - Timothy is with Paul.
4:10 - Aristarchus is a fellow prisoner.
He is mentioned in Acts19:29; 20:4; and 27:2. He is on the boat to Rome
Paul spends three months on the island
of Malta after the shipwreck. He could have sent this letter then, but
was Timothy on board the ship to Rome? Probably not. It is more reasonable
to assume this letter is written after Paul arrives at Rome.
2 Thessalonians: This is the
third journey or later. It is the second letter to the Thessalonians. We
know the first letter was written during the third journey after Timothy
comes back to Athens with a report to Paul (1 Tim. 3:1-6). This letter
sounds like a follow up letter to the first one.
2:2 - Paul preaches to the Thessalonians
after going to Philippi (Acts 17).
3:1 - Paul is in Athens and sends Timothy
to report on the Thessalonians. This is probably the time in Acts 20:3
when Paul stayed three months in Greece. This was on his third journey.
He passed them when coming through to Greece. He probably sent Timothy
back to check on them after arriving in Greece.
1 Timothy: This may be an
2 Timothy: The strongest clue
to another journey for Paul is Trophimus. He joins Paul in Acts 20:4 and
goes to Jerusalem with Paul. How can he be left sick in Miletus after this?
Paul has to be going from Asia toward Miletus and leave Trophimus in Miletus.
Otherwise Timothy would have known Trophimus was left sick in Miletus.
Paul goes from Corinth to Miletus and is now a prisoner in Rome (a second
1:3 - Paul goes into Macedonia while Timothy
is to remain in Ephesus. This did not happen on the second or third journey.
In Acts 19:22 Paul stays in Ephesus while Timothy goes to Macedonia (this
is in the third recorded journey). In Acts 20:4 Timothy comes with Paul
to Asia (Ephesus is in Asia). Paul has to be going away from Asia toward
Macedonia in order for Timothy to 'remain in Ephesus.'
Titus: This has to be another
journey because Tychicus joined Paul in Acts 20:4 on the return of the
third journey. Paul could not be wintering in Greece and call for Apollos
before doubling back through Macedonia because Tychicus is already with
him (and Apollos was in Corinth in the third recorded journey)! Paul could
not send Tychicus to Titus in Crete unless he leaves Rome. He can not leave
Titus in Crete either unless he leaves Rome and they travel together.
1:17 - Paul is in Rome a prisoner.
4:6 - Paul feels he is about to leave
4;10-11 - All have left Paul here, but
in Philemon vs. 24 they are with him.
4:12 - Tychicus is sent to Ephesus. He
also joined Paul in Acts 20:4 and returned with him to Jerusalem. He was
with Paul at Nicopolis (Titus 3:12) but in Ephesus here.
4:14-16 - Paul is making a defense again.
Who is Alexander the coppersmith? He seems to have caused great trouble
for Paul. It is not recorded in Acts.
4:20 - Erastus stayed in Corinth. He was
treasurer of the city (likely Corinth; see Romans 16:23). Trophimus was
left in Miletus sick. In Acts 21:29 he returns to Jerusalem with Paul after
the third recorded journey. He joined Paul in Acts 20:4 from Asia through
Miletus to Jerusalem. In this verse it seems both men were with Paul, with
Erastus staying in Corinth and Trophimus going on to Miletus before getting
4:21 - These saints are not mentioned
anywhere in the book of Acts.
Philemon: When could Paul have
gone to Colossae? Did he go in one of the previous journeys and it is just
not mentioned in Acts? This is probably during an unrecorded journey. Paul
may have left Rome and traveled with Timothy arriving at Ephesus and leaving
him there. Afterward, he left Trophimus sick in Miletus.
1:5 - Paul leaves Titus in Crete. The
only recorded time Paul was in Crete was when he was a prisoner headed
to Rome and then he did not stop but only passed close to it (Acts 27:12-13).
3:12 - Paul is headed to Nicopolis in
Greece for the winter, a city northwest of Athens and Corinth. It seems
Paul went to Crete and afterward to Greece. Tychicus is with Paul after
Paul doubles back through Macedonia and comes to Jerusalem with him. Now,
he seems to be with Paul. He is to be sent to Ephesus from here.
3:13 - Apollos is asked for by Paul. Apollos
joined the ministry at the end of the second journey or beginning of the
third (Acts 18:24). He went to Corinth while Paul went to Ephesus (Acts
19:1) in the third recorded journey. Now, he is with Titus in Crete. He
would have to have gone to Crete after Paul ends the third journey. He
could not have gone during it because Paul is now in Nicopolis. Paul did
not go to Nicopolis in any of the recorded journeys.
Hebrews: When was Timothy a
prisoner? This must have occurred in an unrecorded journey.
10 - Onesimus is the helper of Paul whom
he begot while in chains in Rome. In Paul's letter to the Colossians (4:9)
he is first mentioned.
23 - Epaphras is a prisoner now with Paul.
In Colossians 1:7 and 4:12 he is a fervent worker in Christ. He must have
been made a prisoner later.
22 - Here Paul feels he may be released
and be able to come to Philemon (in Colossae). If so, is this when Paul
leaves Rome and travels with Timothy who then remains in Ephesus (Colossae
is in Asia). After this, Trophimus will go on to Miletus with Paul and
be left there sick.
10:34 - The people had compassion on the
writer of Hebrews ( we believe is Paul) when he was in chains.
13:23 - Timothy is set free. When was
he a prisoner?
SUMMARY OF PAUL'S JOURNEYS
||In second journey
||In third journey
||After leaving Greece
||In Macedonia (after leaving Rome)
||After third journey
||17 yrs. or later into Paul's ministry
||After third journey
||Paul a prisoner at Jerusalem
||After first trip to Rome
||Paul a prisoner at Rome
||After first trip to Rome
||Paul a prisoner at Rome
||In third journey
||In or after third journey
||Possibly still at Athens
||After Paul passes through Macedonia
||Prisoner at Rome (second time)
||Headed to Nicopolis (NW of Athens)
||After third journey
||Paul is prisoner (in Rome?)
SUMMARY BY CITY OR REGION
Cyprus: Salamis, Paphos
Lycaonian: Lystra,(stoning at Lystra)
Lystra, Iconium, Antioch
Pamphylia; Perga, Attalia
Antioch of Syria (stays a long time here)
Jerusalem (council on circumcision)
Antioch (return with letter of instruction)
Syria and Cilicia
Phrygia and Galatia
Macedonia: Philippi (jailed after healing slave girl)
Thessalonica (run out of town from Jason's house)
Berea (run out when Thessalonians come down)
Corinth (meets Aquila and Priscilla; Sosthenes, the ruler
of the synagogue, believes and is beaten)
Ephesus (leaves Aquila and Priscilla here)
Galatia and Phrygia
Ephesus (purposed in the Spirit to go to Rome after Macedonia
, Achaia and returning to Jerusalem; two hour riot)
Miletus (calls for elders in Ephesus)
Caesarea (warned by a prophet about trouble in Jerusalem)
Jerusalem (arrested in temple)
Trip to Rome:
Caesarea (taken to Felix the governor; two years later Festus
takes over; also King Agrippa and Bernice hear Paul)
Sidon (beginning of voyage to Rome)
Malta (shipwrecked on island of Malta; Paul bit by poisonous
snake; Paul heals father of Publius)
Rome (Paul dwells two years unforbidden preaching
and teaching the kingdom of God.)
PAUL'S UNRECORDED JOURNEY
2 Corinthians 12:14; 13:1
1 Timothy 1:3
Titus 1:5; 3:12
2 Timothy 1:17; 4:13,20
|Paul in Rome believing he is going to Colossae soon.
Paul is coming for the third time to Corinth.
Paul goes to Macedonia from Ephesus.
Paul is headed to Nicopolis sometime after leaving Titus
Paul leaves Erastus in Corinth, his cloak in Troas, Trophimus
in Miletus, and then becomes a prisoner again in Rome.
It is unclear how Paul traveled this last journey.
The following suggested scenario would seem to work:
Paul leaves Rome and arrives at Colossae
to stay with Philemon. Later, he comes to Ephesus where Timothy
is asked to remain. He goes on to Macedonia where he writes the
first letter to Timothy. He plans on coming back to Ephesus (1Tim.
4:13) which he does. He stops at Troas on the way to or from Macedonia
and leaves his cloak with Carpus (2 Tim. 4:13). From Ephesus he goes on
to Miletus where he plans on sailing to Crete. In Miletus he has
to leave Trophimus who was sick. Arriving at Crete he has Titus
remain there. Paul goes on to Corinth where Erastus decides to stay
(2 Tim. 4:20). Paul plans to winter in Nicopolis. At this time he
writes Titus hoping to have him come to Nicopolis. It is not certain he
ever made it to Nicopolis. Sometime after writing to Titus he is imprisoned
again at Rome.