- He was a physician (Col.
- Luke wrote this gospel so
Theophilus and now we would know the things that were said of Jesus were
most certainly true.
- Zacharias a priest and
Elizabeth a daughter of Aaron the first high priest.
- a. The angel Gabriel. b. He
and his barren wife would have a child.
- He would turn the people to
the Lord their God, unify families, and transform the disobedient to just
so they would be prepared to meet Jesus.
- a. He became deaf and could
not talk. b. Because he doubted God's word given by Gabriel.
- Mary and Joseph
- a. The angel Gabriel who had
appeared to Zacharias. b. She would have a son and He would sit on the
throne of David. He would be the son of the Highest. c. The child would be
conceived by the Holy Spirit.
- The baby of Elizabeth leaped in his mother's womb
and she prophesied before Mary concerning her child.
- He was able to speak and hear
- Jesus would be the salvation
- John would be a prophet to
prepare the ways of the Lord and to give knowledge of salvation to the
people by remission of their sins.
- a. Bethlehem. b. Caesar
Augustus had decreed that all people were to be counted and listed. They
were there with many others for the census. c. In a barn or stable for
animals because there was no room for them in the inn due to all the
people in the city for the census. d. He was laid in a manger which in
English means a feeding box for animals. In the original use of the word
it identified the place where animals were lodged.
- a. An angel of the Lord
appeared to them and announced the birth of Jesus calling Him an anointed
savior and where to find Him. b. The shepherds found everything exactly as
they were told.
- He would not see death until
he had seen the Lord’s Christ.
- a. She spoke of Jesus as the
Redeemer of Israel. b. Based on the NU text she was now a widow at age
eighty-four. Based on other translations it seems she was a widow for
eighty-four years. This would put her over a hundred years old -
eighty-four plus her seven years of being married plus whatever age she
was when she married. This could be as early as twelve up to eighteen
years of age as they married at an early age at that time.
- a. They were in Jerusalem for
Passover. b. Jesus was 12 at the time. c. He was listening and discussing
the scriptures with the men in the temple. d. "I must be about My
- His message was to repent
from their sins and do works worthy of their repentance (some of these
works are given in 10-16).
- The Holy Spirit descended in
bodily form like a dove on Jesus.
- a. He is of the descendants
b. David. c. Adam.
- Adam had no father or
mother. He was created by God.
- a. He went into the
wilderness to be tempted by the devil. b. He remained there forty days.
- According to the book of
Isaiah He would preach the gospel, heal the brokenhearted, deliver the
people from their sins, and set them free from sin.
- a. He would do no miracles
among them because of their lack of faith and gave them two examples of
how God used two rejected prophets, Elijah and Elisha, to heal and help
Gentiles who were willing to accept them. In essence, His own countrymen
were not as good as a Gentile. c. They tried to throw Him down a steep
hill or over a cliff.
- Jesus healed Simon's
mother-in-law of a high fever.
- a. He made an abundance of
fish to be caught - so much that the boat began to sink. b. He and his men
gave up their work as fishermen to follow Jesus.
- Peter would draw men into the
kingdom of God for the salvation of their
- Peter did not have to fear
his dreadful sinful state and unworthiness before the Holy One of God.
Jesus knew this was not where he would remain. He would become a servant
in the Kingdom
- It was proper to perform the
ceremonial act and gift before the priest as a witness before the people
that the leper is cleansed of his disease and now could be included in all
- To prove to the scribes and
Pharisees that He had power to forgive sins.
- To show the scribes and Pharisees
that the rigid rituals of the law cannot continue with the gentleness of
the gospel, faith, and the Holy Spirit.
- Any good work or merciful
deed could be done on the Sabbath.
The Sabbath was made for man using holy judgment.
- Peter, Andrew (Peter's
brother), James and John, Philip, Bartholomew, Matthew, Thomas, James the
son of Alphaeus, Simon the Zealot, Judas (called Thaddeus in Matthew
10:3), and Judas Iscariot.
- The humble and meek in spirit
and those reviled and persecuted for Christ’s sake will be rewarded
and have hope in God.
- Luke 6:20 - Matthew records
this as the ‘poor in spirit’ (having a submissive will to
God). Luke 6:21 -Matthew (5:6) records this as those who ‘thirst and
hunger for righteousness’ and those who ‘weep will
laugh’ is not recorded by Matthew; Luke 6:22-23 - is similar to
Matthew 5:11-12; The woes of Luke 6:24-26 are not
recorded in Matthew 5.
- a. We are to love our
enemies. We should them well even though they may treat us badly. b. When
we give we should not expect anything in return. c. God will give back to
you the same measure or even above that which you give. d. We should be
merciful and kind to all.
- We should be merciful and
forgiving to others so that we may also receive mercy and be forgiven.
- You must first get rid of the
sin in your own life before you can see clearly to help someone else get
the sin out of their life.
- Your tongue speaks what is in
- a. We will be like a house built
on a rock and will not be shaken in times of trial and tribulation. b. We
will be like a house built without a solid foundation which falls
immediately in trials and tribulations.
- a. He healed a Centurion's
honored servant. b. The centurion loved the nation of Israel and had built them
- He raised a widow's only son
from the dead.
- Blessed is the man who
- If the Kingdom of God
(‘heaven’ in Matthew 11) is on earth then the least one in the
kingdom (one not a great prophet like John) is one who will see more of
the kingdom and gospel unfold. They will see Jesus’ death,
resurrection, and the coming of the Holy Spirit. John preached only the
prelude to the gospel – the coming of the Messiah. He would never witness
the rest of the gospel. If the Kingdom
of God or Heaven is
of that above then the least ranked in heaven is still above anyone who is
born of man on earth. This one is near the throne of God and sees more
clearly the work of God. They are already where we hope to be.
- a. She washed His feet with
her tears and wiped them with her hair. She kissed them and anointed them
with oil. She is the same woman in Matthew 26:6, Mark 14:3, and John 11:2.
She is Mary the sister of Lazarus whom Jesus had raised from the dead
(John 11:2; 12:3). Luke does not mention the city where this occurs but
Matthew, Mark, and John identify the city of Bethany. b. She had much sin to be forgiven.
- The Word of God.
- Each defines how you apply
the word of God in your life after hearing it. a. The ones who hear but do not
change their life. They hear the word but do not understand it, nor do
they care to understand it b. Those who gladly receive the word of God but
they do not seek it further for spiritual growth and strength. They fall away
after a short time and in tribulation. They have neglected the word and
withered (lacked moisture vs.6) only to end up falling away. c. Those that
receive the word and immediately start living for God (see Mat. 13:5) but
the cares of the world and the pursuit of worldly things become first in
their lives instead of God. They let the cares of the world overcome time
with God. They once were fruitful but become unfruitful. d. Those who
receive the word let it take root and grow spiritually mature and righteous.
They produce fruit within themselves and outside themselves.
- a. More truth and
understanding will be given to those who apply the word to their life. b.
No further truth shall be revealed to those who do not apply the word to
their life. Even what they knew shall be as if they never knew.
- Mark and Luke (8:16-18)
record this parable after the Parable of the Sower. Matthew (5:13-16) has
it after the Beatitudes. It has the same meaning in all three gospels. We
are not to hide or ignore the word of God we hear. We are to apply the
word to our life for our growth and benefit and to be an influence on the
world around us.
- He calmed the sea and the
- He knew Him as the Son of the
Most High God.
- He sent them into nearby
swine and they were cast into the sea where they drowned.
- A woman suffering from an
issue of blood for twelve years was healed by touching the hem of His
garment and the daughter of Jarius, a ruler of the synagogue, was brought
back to life from the dead.
- We must seek and follow the
will of God over our own will resisting sin every day.
- One who desires his own life
is one who puts himself first. He seeks his own will and desires without
regard to the will of God.
- a. Peter, James, and John. b.
They saw Jesus talking with Moses and Elijah. c. They heard the voice of
God telling them to listen to His son. d. Moses and Elijah represent the
law and the prophets. This was a sign to the disciples of Jesus’
leadership and authority over the people. He was the one, the Messiah to come.
It also symbolizes the transition of the old covenant to the new covenant.
- A boy with severe seizures
- The faith of the disciples
was weak. They doubted because of the severity of the boy's problem. In
Mark 9:29 and Matthew 17:21 it is recorded that they needed to pray first.
This would involve God and show that healing power comes from Him.
- Anyone who looks back and
longs for what they gave up will not be committed to the service of God. A
Christian must look forward to the kingdom and be committed with his whole
heart not hanging on to the things of the world or regretting what he gave
- a. They were sent in pairs -
two by two. b. They were to go
to the different cities and prepare the people for Jesus and the kingdom of God. c. He cautioned them not to be
prideful of the power given to them as Satan became prideful but was cast
out of heaven. Rather, they should rejoice that their names were written
in heaven. [Luke is the only one who records the sending of the seventy.
He also records the sending of the twelve with the same instructions as do
Matthew (10:5-15) and Mark (6:7-13).]
- They were given the
authority by Jesus through the Spirit to overcome the power, control, and
influence of the enemy, evil spirits, and wicked people.
- To love the Lord your God
with all your heart, with all your soul, with all your strength, with your
entire mind, and to love your neighbor as yourself.
- Our neighbor is anyone who
shows mercy or compassion to us or others.
- We should never be too busy
to hear the word of the Lord.
- This is a prayer of
substance not form. We should include praise for God and His kingdom; ask
for forgiveness of sins; ask to keep us from temptation; and provide for
- We should be continuous in
prayer to God. We must ask, we must seek, and we must knock.
- God's love is greater than
man's. He will answer you with what is good for you.
- God will reveal His will to
you and give you understanding, wisdom, and direction when you ask, seek
and knock. This grows the Holy Spirit in us.
- If Satan is works or is
divided against himself, how will his kingdom stand?
- Though one may be cleaned
of an unclean spirit or sin he must guard against reinvasion. Satan will
renew his attack even greater to reestablish his hold on you and make you
worse than before. It is worse to know the way of righteousness but fall
- Blessed may have been His
mother but probably what is meant here is blessed are the people because
Jesus the teacher was born and is here now on earth. Jesus wanted them to
focus on the word of God. Therefore, blessed are those who hear the word
of God and keep it.
- What you seek with your
eyes goes into your heart. If you look for evil, you will become evil. If
you look for good, you will be good.
- They put burdens on the
people they would not do themselves. They hindered the people from knowing
and understanding God’s truth and will.
- There is nothing hidden or
done in secret that will not be revealed. The true character of the
hypocrite will be made known.
- We should fear God because
He has the power to destroy not only the body but the soul.
- a. We confess by word and
deed, not in shame or fear, the will and righteousness of God in all
circumstances of our life. b. By letting pressure, fear, selfish reasons,
or shame keep us from professing Jesus. We can do this by being silent
about our relationship with God, by siding with the values of the world,
and by not standing up for what is right. c. We will be denied before the
angels who come to gather us with Jesus.
- One's life does not consist
in the abundance of the things he owns. We must store up treasures in
heaven through good works and a righteous heart so that we may have
- Seek service and righteousness
in the kingdom
of God and He will
provide for all our needs. Don’t worry because God is in control and
knows what we need.
- a. We should be prepared
for every good work. b. Be a light and living example of God's will - a source of truth for all around
- We should be looking and
prepared for the return of Jesus.
- a. He will be beaten and
cast with the unbelievers (as in the parable of the talents). b. Yes,
because he has knowledge of his Master's will but does not do it. c. The
servant is the disciple of Christ. We must be sincere and in service to
- Whatever knowledge,
understanding, and talents God has given you must be used to produce fruit
in and for the kingdom.
- He wanted the gospel to be
spread and for the church and the kingdom of God
to grow in the world.
- There will be no
difference. All face the same condemnation of their souls.
- The sinner is given grace
to repent and become fruitful. If they don’t change then God will
turn from them. In the end they are cut down and thrown away.
- a. The kingdom of God
starts small but will rise above all other kingdoms on earth. In the end the kingdom will be the
greatest kingdom in existence. All believers will find rest and peace
there. b. The kingdom
of God works from
within and changes our life and eventually the whole world in the end.
- a. For believers there is
only one path to life, the walk of righteousness and doing the will of
God. b. No, many will seek it but only a few will receive it. c. There are
people who appear to be believers, but their hearts are far from God. Many thought being holy and in the
kingdom was by "believing" and by attending regular church
service. They neglected the requirement of a close relationship with the
Lord. Those who put themselves first will fail in salvation. Those who put
of God first will
obtain eternal life.
- a. He healed a man with
dropsy. b. A large build up of fluid in the limbs.
- Any good or merciful deed.
Anything that may be necessary to the health or well being of someone or
- We should not exalt
ourselves or think highly of ourselves before others. We should let others
- He who exalts himself will
be humbled. He who humbles himself will be exalted. People will try to humble
an exalted person. God too resists the proud and lifts up the humble.
- You should also invite
those who cannot repay you. Don’t seek what you can get from people
but what God will give you in the end.
- a. This is similar to the
parable of the wedding feast in Matthew 22:1-14. God made provision for
the salvation of men but they have many excuses for not committing their
lives to His will. They will reject Christ and the gospel. There will be
an invitation to the Gentiles. b. Those who do not accept the invitation
or commit to His will shall not receive salvation.
- We hate our life by denying
our flesh and will to walk in righteousness and do the will of God while
bearing the trials, oppression, and persecution we may face.
- We should consider what we
must do and what we must give up to be a disciple of Christ.
- Our salt is our serving,
loving, and living for God in His kingdom and in the world. We are the
influence of God to others. Being salt of the earth is good but if our
desire diminishes or is lost because we love the world then we are useless
to God. We can be thrown out, rejected, and destroyed not only by men but
- He came to save the lost.
The righteous needed no repentance.
- The angels before God
- We must realize we sin against
God first. Then we can repent and come back into the will of God.
- He was lost and dead in his
sin but after confessing his sin and humbling himself before God he was
cleansed from his sin and rejoined to the family of God who have eternal
- This parable shows the
problems or perplexities of those who love money. A disciple cannot serve
God and money. We must be an honest and trustworthy servant.
- There are a few things that
God hates but in this passage Jesus was directing His comment to the
Pharisees who had just ridiculed the parable. They looked good on the
outside only to be justified by men. Pride is what they esteemed.
- This parable is not to show
there is life after death a heaven and a hell but to further show the end
of those who take pride in their pretension before men and who loved money
more than people. This was directed at the Pharisees again.
- We must fear the wrath and
judgment of God.
- We should always forgive
those who ask for forgiveness.
- Our faith should be one
that grows like a mustard seed. It starts off small and insignificant but
grows into a fruit producing tree.
- Our duty is to serve God,
walk righteously before Him, be obedient to Him, and to love our neighbor.. In the end God will reward us.
- a. Ten were healed. b. One
glorified God and he was a Samaritan.
- a. The return of Jesus will not be secret or private,
but as lightning that flashes across
the sky. His coming will be open, swift, and unexpected. b. We will
be living our normal everyday lives. c. Believers will be gathered
together in one place. Where will this happen or where are they taken? Wherever
the church (the body) is in the world the saints will be gathered from
there. Those taken will be gathered together heaven bound. Luke does not
tie this in with the destruction of Jerusalem
as do Matthew and Mark.
- We should always pray to God
and not lose heart for if the wicked will avenge their own, then how much
more will God who is good avenge His own who cry out to Him day and night.
- This was directed at those
who trusted in their own righteousness. Those who exalted themselves will
be humbled and those who humble themselves will be exalted.
- As children are submissive
and dependent on the guidance and teaching of their parents we too should
we be submissive and be lead and taught by our Father in heaven
- He wanted to reveal the man’s
heart to him. The rich ruler’s security and peace was in the law and
his money rather than the gospel and God. Though he had followed the
majority of the commandments he neglected the most important ones - loving
God with all his heart and his neighbor as himself. He should be willing
to use his wealth to serve God and help others in the kingdom of God.
- a. Whatever we give up in
life we will gain in our new family (through the body of the believers).
b. In the end we will receive eternal life.
- He healed a blind man.
- a. A chief tax collector.
b. He was short in stature. c. He may have been a lost son of Abraham but with
his repentant heart he was of the faith of Abraham and therefore a son.
- a. Jesus wanted the
disciples to know the kingdom
of God would appear
later than they were expecting. Jesus would leave and then come back for
them. During this time they and we are accountable for our service in the
kingdom. Though this is similar to the parable of the talents in Matthew
25:14-30 it is for a different purpose. Matthew’s concerns the use
of our talents and gifts in the kingdom. Luke’s is concerned with when
the kingdom of the Messiah would be set up. b. The servants of God need to
be about the business of God until Jesus returns. We need to produce fruit
first within ourselves then outside in the kingdom. We must first focus on
becoming a better child of God. We must clean up our hearts and
continually seek to grow spiritually and righteously. As we grow and
mature in the Lord we will be able to serve and help others wherever God
wishes to use us. c. Everyone who is faithful in his walk and service will
receive more responsibility and blessings. Those who aren’t will suffer
loss. They are useless to God.
- The people had made the
temple a place of business and were taking advantage of people instead of
using it solely for the worship of God.
- He answered with a question
about the baptism of John; was it from God or from men? He said this to catch
them in their own scheming ways.
- a. God. b. The early
prophets. c. Jesus. d. The priests and Pharisees who were to lead the
people in God's will. e. The Gentiles would be allowed into the kingdom of God.
- Jesus is the judgment or
smiting stone to the unbeliever. We can be broken in humble surrender before God or
be completely broken in judgment.
- a. No one who obtains the
resurrection to eternal life will marry. b. We will be like the angels and
cannot die anymore.
- God will judge them more
harshly. Hypocrites know what they are doing – pretending to be one
way while in reality they are the opposite. This was directed toward the
Pharisees and scribes.
- First the disciples and
believers will be hated and persecuted for the name of Christ. Next, Jerusalem would be
destroyed. After this there will be false Christ, wars and threats of war,
great earthquakes, famines, and pestilence will be throughout the world.
There will be fearful signs in the heavens right before the return of Christ.
- It will be destroyed. This
is the abomination of desolation mentioned in Matthew 24:15 and Mark
- We must watch and be
prepared for the return of Jesus. We must stay out of sin and continue to
serve God in the kingdom.
- We will escape the powers
of the heavens shaken and the distress of the nations because Jesus will
take us before the tribulation.
- Jesus' body given as the
sacrifice and His blood shed for atonement of our sins.
- Judas Iscariot.
- He would deny knowing Jesus
- The disciples would be sent
out into the world to spread the gospel without Jesus. They would be met
with resistance and few would help them along their way.
- A servant of the high
priest whose ear was cut off when Jesus was being arrested.
- Jesus is first brought
before the High Priest Caiaphas (Matt. 26:57).
- a. They brought Him to
Pilate. b. Herod. c. Herod sends Jesus back to Pilate.
- Barabbas, a murderer.
- Simon, a Cyrenian.
- In the near future the
Romans would destroy the temple and kill men, women, and children. It
would be better for the women to never have born their children.
- Jesus is the green wood. If
the people reject and crucify the Messiah while He is in their presence
what will they do when He is gone?
- a. There was darkness over
all the land. b. The veil was torn in two pieces.
- Jesus suffered and died
within one day. He suffered from late the night before Preparation Day through
early morning and then was crucified dying around 3 p.m. on Preparation
- The tomb of Jesus was
- Jesus is not here but is
raised just as He had spoken to them while in Galilee.
- a. Two full nights. He was
in the grave the night of Preparation Day and the Sabbath and was raised
early the next morning. b. Three days and three
nights just as He said would be His sign (as Jonah in the whale). (The night before Preparation Day,
the night of Preparation Day and the night of the Sabbath. The day of
Preparation Day, the day of the Sabbath, and the morning of the day after
- Two disciples (followers)
Simon and Cleopas.
- The Holy Spirit would be
sent to empower them.