Chapter 1

  1. From the thirteenth year of King Josiah through the reign of King Zedekiah. This is approximately forty years.
  2. God ordained Jeremiah, a son of the priests, to be a prophet before he was even conceived. God knew He was going to use Jeremiah as a prophet. God has special purpose and design for those He will use or work through.
  3. The almond tree was the first tree to bloom in season. This signified that God was ready to begin His plans with Israel.
  4. Israel is the boiling pot. They would be in misery and distress soon from a foe from the north (Babylon) who would be used to cleanse and purge Israel.

Chapter 2

  1. Nations between Cyprus and Kedar worshiped false gods but did not change gods. Israel had the true God but left Him for worthless gods.
  2. Israel was turning to Egypt and Assyria for help instead of God.
  3. Israel did not fear God anymore.
  4. In a future time of trouble Israel will call on God but He will not help them.

Chapter 3

  1. The people had the mind of a harlot. They were not ashamed of what they were doing.
  2. Israel did evil and was taken captive. Judah saw God’s judgment on Israel but yet did not repent from all their spiritual adultery and harlotry. Therefore they are the more guilty and less righteous.
  3. God heals backsliding through forgiveness and then will bless once again those who return to Him.

Chapter 4

  1. The Babylonian conquest.
  2. Our own wicked ways and evil doings bring calamities on us.
  3. The land of Judah will be as in the beginning of the earth without form, void, and no light.

Chapter 5

  1. Fearing God's wrath, judgment, and supremeness will open us to understanding and obeying His ways.
  2. We should look to see if our own sins and iniquities have brought calamity upon us.
  3. The prophets were telling lies and the priests were leading by their own power. They were using their own wisdom and agenda.

Chapter 6

  1. The people refuse to hear the ways and purity of God. His word was a reproach to them.
  2. The people had not heeded God’s word or His law. They were so far from God their sacrifices and offerings meant nothing to Him.

Chapter 7

  1. We must completely and thoroughly change our ways and obey His commandments to be pleasing to God. (This is something we must work on all our lives.)
  2. The people would come to the temple to make sacrifices and offerings thinking it delivered them from their sins so they could continue to do their abominations.

Chapter 8

  1. No one in Jerusalem repented of his wickedness.
  2. The scribes twisted the laws and word of God to support the people’s wicked agenda and desires. They lessened the severity of the people’s sins.

Chapter 9

  1. Jeremiah wanted to get away from his people because they were all adulterers and treacherous men.
  2. The people would have calamity and destruction come upon them. They would be scattered among the Gentile nations and consumed by the sword.
  3. If one has great wisdom, strength, and wealth but does not know God it is useless at the judgment of God. If one were to gain the whole world yet lose his soul, what does it profit him?

Chapter 10

  1. The people were seeking prophetic signs of the times in the sky.
  2. The idols had no power. They had to be carried anywhere, they could not speak; they could do no good, and could do no evil.
  3. The gods who have not made the heavens or the earth shall perish. All false gods of the people would perish.
  4. Jerusalem would suffer tribulation and devastation.

Chapter 11

  1. The faithful to God were regarded as a green olive tree that produced good fruit. The olive tree produced fruit for many uses for the people. It symbolized prosperity and divine blessing. The people were meant to be useful for God and a blessing to Him. Instead, they brought Him disappointment and would suffer for it.
  2. The people did not want to hear the words of Jeremiah the prophet. His own people plotted to destroy him and his words.

Chapter 12

  1. Jeremiah wanted God to pluck up the people and destroy them.
  2. God told Jeremiah he was wearied and giving up in the easier battle so how could he contend in the greater battle. God had already committed judgment on His people and on those who caused them to sin and who made them desolate. 
  3. The surrounding nations that caused Judah to sin and who harmed them in any way would be plucked from their land.
  4. The surrounding nations would later be given the opportunity to learn about God and the ways of His people and to swear by His name. If they did then they would dwell with God's people. If they did not then they would be destroyed.

Chapter 13

  1. The sash was Israel who was attached to God but they ruined their relationship with Him by pursuing other gods. God will ruin their great pride by putting them away from Him in captivity. They would dwell with the foreign nations and their gods and be profitable for nothing.
  2. The full wine bottles symbolized their helplessness to avoid the coming captivity just as drunkenness causes one to be helpless and distracted..
  3. Pride kept them from obedience to God. They had no shame in the sins they were committing. This led to their downfall and captivity.

Chapter 14

  1. God was not a stranger or an overnight traveler who could not help Israel. He dwelled with them continually. He is their only real help in time of trouble.
  2. The prophets were telling the people that nothing bad was going to happen to them. No famine or sword would be in their land.

Chapter 15

  1. There would be death, famine, the sword, and captivity.
  2. When God becomes weary of relenting then all this destruction will come upon them.
  3. God told Jeremiah to not speak negative things but only precious positive speech. Do not come down to the level of the faithless but bring them up to faith.

Chapter 16

  1. The people walked after, worshiped, and served false gods.
  2. Their forefathers sinned and repented. This generation completely forsook God. They never repented.
  3. The fisherman and hunters are the Babylonian conquest that God would use to punish His people.
  4. The Gentiles would come to know God as the true God during Israel’s captivity.

Chapter 17

  1. A man who trusts in human strength has forsaken God. He will suffer curses in life and the loss of his soul.
  2. Those who trust in the Lord will receive blessings from God and peace in times of trouble. They will continue to do good works for God even in times of trouble.
  3. No work shall be done on the Sabbath but only to hallow the Sabbath.

Chapter 18

  1. The Lord can build us up or break us down as a potter does a clay pot when forming it. We should fear and heed God because we are the clay in His hands.
  2. If a nation repents of their evil ways God will relent of the disaster He has planned for it.
  3. The people attack Jeremiah with the tongue. They contended with him on all he was saying. They supported what the priest, the wise man, and their prophets were saying. They also plotted to kill him.

Chapter 19

  1. The broken flask represented the catastrophe that God would bring upon Israel because of their sins.
  2. The people will eat the flesh of their sons and daughters and their friends in desperation to survive.

Chapter 20

  1. Pashhur would go into captivity with his friends. He would see his friends killed by the sword and he too would die there.

Chapter 21

  1. There was no reason for Jerusalem to fight against the king of Babylon because God Himself was against King Zedekiah and the people. He has set His face against the city for adversity and not for good.
  2. The King was admonished to do justice or be destroyed.

Chapter 22

  1. Those who knew God did justice and righteousness and to especially help the poor and needy.
  2. Jeremiah likely spoke these words after King Josiah’s death and after the reigns of each of the sons (Jehoahaz - a son; Jehoiakim - a son; Jehoiachin - a grandson). This time period of the sons took eleven and a half years. It is possible Jeremiah speaks this during the reign of Zedekiah (Jehoiachin's uncle, Jehoiakim’s brother) as a reminder to the people of the finality of God’s previous judgment on these kings. (2 Ki 23:31-37; 2 Ch 36:1-14).

Chapter 23

  1. Jesus is the branch of righteousness to come.
  2. The priest and the prophets were profane. They misled the people making them worthless and sinful before God.
  3. Because of the profaneness of the priests and prophets and evil hearts of the people God is going to utterly forget and forsake them and cast them from His presence.

Chapter 24

  1. The good figs are those taken in the first captivity. They were taken for their own good and would find repentance there. God would bring them back and build them up. The bad figs represent those left in the city with King Zedekiah. They are to be driven into all the surrounding land and be consumed until none of them are left.
  2. All the unrighteous people are worthless to God and will be destroyed. Those who do good or have the potential to do good will be given the opportunity to serve God. They will not be killed.

Chapter 25

  1. The people would be in captivity for seventy years.
  2. If God punishes His own people how could the other nations expect to go unpunished?

Chapter 26

  1. Jeremiah prophesied against the house of the Lord and the city. The people wanted to keep him from speaking these words.
  2. Certain elders of the land and Ahikam helped Jeremiah. They were of the good figs that would not be killed with the sword.

Chapter 27

  1. They would serve under Nebuchadnezzer, his son, and his son’s son.
  2. Babylon would be taken over by other nations and serve them after God finished using them against Israel.
  3. The rest of the vessels not taken during the first wave of Babylon against the city will also be taken to Babylon. They will remain there until God allows them to be returned.

Chapter 28

  1. Hananiah prophesied that all the captives and all the vessels of the Lord's house would return to Jerusalem within two full years.
  2. If the things a prophet says comes true then that prophet was truly sent by God.
  3. Jeremiah prophesied Hananiah would die that year. He died two months later.

Chapter 29

  1. Jeremiah sent his letter to the captives in Babylon by the messengers of King Zedekiah who were reporting to the king of Babylon.
  2. Jeremiah told the people to multiply and live in peace in their captivity so they would not be diminished. They would be captive for seventy years.
  3. At the end of the seventy years when the people came back to their land if they sought God with all their heart, prayed to Him, and called upon Him God would listen to them.
  4. Shemaiah wrote to Zephaniah the priest that Jeremiah was a demented man who thought he was a prophet. He should be stopped from writing and saying the things he was saying . He should be locked up and put in stocks.
  5. Shemaiah would die in Babylon and he would have no descendants.

Chapter 30

  1. Jeremiah wrote a book to record and to remind the people of all that God has spoke to them through Jeremiah once they come out of captivity.

Chapter 31

  1. God will guide His people by His spirit and through godly priests and other followers and lead them in the right direction as a father will guide his son.
  2. God will return His people from their enemies and captivity to freedom in their own land. Those who will return have been redeemed through the punishment and deaths of those God allowed to die during the Babylonian siege and captivity. God would not let their sins go unpunished. The ransom is God allowing Babylon to benefit from Israel’s captivity. The time will come for the release and return of His people from the Babylonians. (God will redeem all people through Jesus ransoming us from the bonds of Satan.)
  3. The descendants of Rachel have been carried away captive by Babylon. When Jesus is born, King Herod will kill all the young children two years and under to destroy Jesus. Rachel is said to be weeping here too.
  4. God will send forth His Spirit for all men to be guided into righteousness by Him in all things.

Chapter 32

  1. Zedekiah did not like the words spoken to him by Jeremiah warning him of the coming calamity to Judah and his impending capture by the Chaldeans.
  2. Jeremiah buying the field now in a time of trouble was to reassure them that God would one day bring His people back to their own land to be blessed and dwell freely in their own land.

Chapter 33

  1. The voice of gladness, joy, and the sacrifice of praise will return to Jerusalem.
  2. Jesus would become the Branch of Righteousness who would save Israel.

Chapter 34

  1. King Zedekiah would be taken captive to Babylon and die there. He would not die by the sword. In 2 Kings 25:7 we find that Zedekiah had to watch his sons be killed before him and then his eyes were put out by the Chaldeans.
  2. King Zedekiah tried to enforce the law concerning the release of slaves in the seventh year of their service.

Chapter 35

  1. The Rechabites were descendants who followed the instructions and practiced the purity of their forefathers. They did not drink wine, build houses for themselves, sow seed, or plant vineyards.
  2. God wanted the men of Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem to know that they should obey Him as strictly as the Rechabites had obeyed the instruction of their fathers.

Chapter 36

  1. God hoped that the people would fear the things coming against them and therefore repent and turn back to Him. He would then forgive their iniquities and relent of the calamities He was going to send against them.
  2. Jehoiakim  cut the scroll up and through it in the fire. He did not want to here the words of Jeremiah.

Chapter 37

  1. Jeremiah was imprisoned in the dungeon of the house of Jonathan the scribe.
  2. Jeremiah was moved to the court of the house of Jonathan.

Chapter 38

  1. The princes of Judah had Jeremiah put in a deep mire filled dungeon.
  2. Ebed-Melech, an Ethiopian, trusted in God and helped to get Jeremiah out of the dungeon and back into the court of the prison.
  3. Zedekiah knew God was with Jeremiah. He wanted to know what was in store but did not want the people to come against him for confiding in Jeremiah (the people despised Jeremiah for his words against them).

Chapter 39

  1. Zedekiah did not heed the words of Jeremiah. Therefore, his sons were killed before his eyes and then his eyes were put out. He was carried off in fetters to Babylon.
  2. The poor were left in the land and given vineyards and fields.
  3. Jeremiah was released from his chains to dwell freely with the people.
  4. Ebed-Melech was spared his life during the takeover by Babylon.

Chapter 40

  1. Gedaliah was put in charge over the remnant of Judah.
  2. Gedeliah was warned that the king of the Ammonites planned to murder him.

Chapter 41

  1. Ishmael killed Gedaliah.
  2. Ishmael killed seventy of the eighty men from Shiloh who had come to mourn at the house of the Lord.
  3. Johanan came to rescue the people from Ishmael.
  4. The people were afraid of the Chaldeans because Ishmael had also killed some officers of Babylon in his murderous rampage.

Chapter 42

  1. The rescued remnant was advised to stay in the land of Judah and God would protect them. They were not to go to Egypt or they would die by the sword, famine, and pestilence.
  2. They wanted Jeremiah’s blessing from God but they were determined to go to Egypt.

Chapter 43

  1. Johanan and the people chose to dwell in the land of Egypt.b

Chapter 44

  1. The people soon began to worship the gods of the land of Egypt.

Chapter 45

  1. God blessed Baruch by sparing his life while others would die in captivity.

Chapter 46

  1. The people of Judah were returning to Egypt for a better life yet Egypt would be destroyed and come under the rule of Babylon.

Chapter 47

  1. Babylon is the flood.
  2. The Philistines will be plundered.
  3. Babylon will not stop until God stops them.

Chapter 48

  1. Moab’s exceeding pride and haughtiness against the Lord was there downfall.

Chapter 49

  1. Ammon, Edom, Damascus, Kedar, Hazor, and Elam would suffer God’s wrath for their own sins, idolatry, and their contentions against Israel.

Chapter 50

  1. Babylon has become prideful and rejoiced in their devouring of God's people. They do not acknowledge God or His will.
  2. Babylon will be destroyed by another nation. No one will ever dwell in their city again.
  3. The king of Assyria and the king of Babylon were the first and the last to scatter Israel.

Chapter 51

  1. We must pull ourselves out of sin, covetousness, and forms of idolatry so we will not be part of the sins of the world. Babylon represents this sinfulness. We must physically and spiritually remove ourselves from anything or anyone that does not conform to the ways of God.
  2. A mountain could signify what people followed or worshiped. It also represented a power nation. Babylon was a powerful nation that devastated and corrupted the nations they conquered. They did not acknowledge God and worshiped idols. Babylon destroyed people’s lives and led others into their sins and idolatry.
  3. The Medes would come against Babylon to end that nation.
  4. The sea and springs represent the offspring or growth of the nation. Babylon would be brought down and have no inhabitants in the land forever.
  5. As Babylon should have acknowledged God in their daily lives or turned back to Him, we too should keep God in our lives or return to Him. By doing so we can keep God’s anger and judgment from coming against us.

Chapter 52

  1. Jerusalem was under siege approximately two years and six months.
  2. Nebuzaradan burned down the house of the Lord and carried away all the valuable utensils, items, and fixtures used in the service to the Lord.