- From the thirteenth year of
King Josiah through the reign of King Zedekiah. This is approximately
- God ordained Jeremiah, a son
of the priests, to be a prophet before he was even conceived. God knew He
was going to use Jeremiah as a prophet. God has special purpose and design
for those He will use or work through.
- The almond tree was the first
tree to bloom in season. This signified that God was ready to begin His
plans with Israel.
- Israel is the boiling pot.
They would be in misery and distress soon from a foe from the north (Babylon) who would be used to cleanse and purge Israel.
- Nations between Cyprus and
Kedar worshiped false gods but did not change gods. Israel had the true God but
left Him for worthless gods.
was turning to Egypt
and Assyria for help instead of God.
- Israel did not fear God
- In a future time of trouble Israel
will call on God but He will not help them.
- The people had the mind of a
harlot. They were not ashamed of what they were doing.
- Israel did evil and was taken
captive. Judah saw
God’s judgment on Israel
but yet did not repent from all their spiritual adultery and harlotry.
Therefore they are the more guilty and less righteous.
- God heals backsliding
through forgiveness and then will bless once again those who return to
- The Babylonian conquest.
- Our own wicked ways and evil
doings bring calamities on us.
- The land of Judah
will be as in the beginning of the earth without form, void, and no light.
- Fearing God's wrath,
judgment, and supremeness will open us to understanding and obeying His
- We should look to see if our
own sins and iniquities have brought calamity upon us.
- The prophets were telling
lies and the priests were leading by their own power. They were using
their own wisdom and agenda.
- The people refuse to hear
the ways and purity of God. His word was a reproach to them.
- The people had not heeded
God’s word or His law. They were so far from God their sacrifices
and offerings meant nothing to Him.
- We must completely and
thoroughly change our ways and obey His commandments to be pleasing to
God. (This is something we must work on all our lives.)
- The people would come to the
temple to make sacrifices and offerings thinking it delivered them from
their sins so they could continue to do their abominations.
- No one in Jerusalem repented of his wickedness.
- The scribes twisted the laws
and word of God to support the people’s wicked agenda and desires.
They lessened the severity of the people’s sins.
- Jeremiah wanted to get away
from his people because they were all adulterers and treacherous men.
- The people would have
calamity and destruction come upon them. They would be scattered among the
Gentile nations and consumed by the sword.
- If one has great wisdom,
strength, and wealth but does not know God it is useless at the judgment
of God. If one were to gain the whole world yet lose his soul, what does
it profit him?
- The people were seeking
prophetic signs of the times in the sky.
- The idols had no power.
They had to be carried anywhere, they could not speak; they could do no
good, and could do no evil.
- The gods who have not made
the heavens or the earth shall perish. All false gods of the people would
- Jerusalem would suffer tribulation and
- The faithful to God were
regarded as a green olive tree that produced good fruit. The olive tree
produced fruit for many uses for the people. It symbolized prosperity and
divine blessing. The people were meant to be useful for God and a blessing
to Him. Instead, they brought Him disappointment and would suffer for it.
- The people did not want to
hear the words of Jeremiah the prophet. His own people plotted to destroy
him and his words.
- Jeremiah wanted God to pluck
up the people and destroy them.
- God told Jeremiah he was
wearied and giving up in the easier battle so how could he contend in the
greater battle. God had already committed judgment on His people and on
those who caused them to sin and who made them desolate.
- The surrounding nations that
to sin and who harmed them in any way would be plucked from their land.
- The surrounding nations
would later be given the opportunity to learn about God and the ways of
His people and to swear by His name. If they did then they would dwell
with God's people. If they did not then they would be destroyed.
- The sash was Israel who
was attached to God but they ruined their relationship with Him by
pursuing other gods. God will ruin their great pride by putting them away
from Him in captivity. They would dwell with the foreign nations and their
gods and be profitable for nothing.
- The full wine bottles
symbolized their helplessness to avoid the coming captivity just as
drunkenness causes one to be helpless and distracted..
- Pride kept them from
obedience to God. They had no shame in the sins they were committing. This
led to their downfall and captivity.
- God was not a stranger or
an overnight traveler who could not help Israel. He dwelled with them
continually. He is their only real help in time of trouble.
- The prophets were telling
the people that nothing bad was going to happen to them. No famine or
sword would be in their land.
- There would be death,
famine, the sword, and captivity.
- When God becomes weary of
relenting then all this destruction will come upon them.
- God told Jeremiah to not speak
negative things but only precious positive speech. Do not come down to the
level of the faithless but bring them up to faith.
- The people walked after,
worshiped, and served false gods.
- Their forefathers sinned
and repented. This generation completely forsook God. They never repented.
- The fisherman and hunters
are the Babylonian conquest that God would use to punish His people.
- The Gentiles would come to
know God as the true God during Israel’s captivity.
- A man who trusts in human
strength has forsaken God. He will suffer curses in life and the loss of
- Those who trust in the Lord
will receive blessings from God and peace in times of trouble. They will
continue to do good works for God even in times of trouble.
- No work shall be done on
the Sabbath but only to hallow the Sabbath.
- The Lord can build us up or
break us down as a potter does a clay pot when forming it. We should fear
and heed God because we are the clay in His hands.
- If a nation repents of their
evil ways God will relent of the disaster He has planned for it.
- The people attack Jeremiah
with the tongue. They contended with him on all he was saying. They
supported what the priest, the wise man, and their prophets were saying.
They also plotted to kill him.
- The broken flask
represented the catastrophe that God would bring upon Israel because of their sins.
- The people will eat the
flesh of their sons and daughters and their friends in desperation to
would go into captivity with his friends. He would see his friends killed
by the sword and he too would die there.
- There was no reason for Jerusalem to fight against the king of Babylon because God Himself
was against King Zedekiah and the people. He has set His face against the
city for adversity and not for good.
- The King was admonished to
do justice or be destroyed.
- Those who knew God did
justice and righteousness and to especially help the poor and needy.
- Jeremiah likely spoke these
words after King Josiah’s death and after the reigns of each of the
sons (Jehoahaz - a son; Jehoiakim
- a son; Jehoiachin - a grandson). This time
period of the sons took eleven and a half years. It is possible Jeremiah
speaks this during the reign of Zedekiah (Jehoiachin's
uncle, Jehoiakim’s brother) as a reminder
to the people of the finality of God’s previous judgment on these
kings. (2 Ki 23:31-37; 2 Ch 36:1-14).
- Jesus is the branch of
righteousness to come.
- The priest and the prophets
were profane. They misled the people making them worthless and sinful
- Because of the profaneness
of the priests and prophets and evil hearts of the people God is going to
utterly forget and forsake them and cast them from His presence.
- The good figs are those
taken in the first captivity. They were taken for their own good and would
find repentance there. God would bring them back and build them up. The
bad figs represent those left in the city with King Zedekiah. They are to
be driven into all the surrounding land and be consumed until none of them
- All the unrighteous people
are worthless to God and will be destroyed. Those who do good or have the
potential to do good will be given the opportunity to serve God. They will
not be killed.
- The people would be in
captivity for seventy years.
- If God punishes His own
people how could the other nations expect to go unpunished?
- Jeremiah prophesied against
the house of the Lord and the city. The people wanted to keep him from
speaking these words.
- Certain elders of the land
and Ahikam helped Jeremiah. They were of the
good figs that would not be killed with the sword.
- They would serve under Nebuchadnezzer, his son, and his son’s son.
would be taken over by other nations and serve them after God finished
using them against Israel.
- The rest of the vessels not
taken during the first wave of Babylon
against the city will also be taken to Babylon. They will remain there until
God allows them to be returned.
prophesied that all the captives and all the vessels of the Lord's house
would return to Jerusalem
within two full years.
- If the things a prophet
says comes true then that prophet was truly sent by God.
- Jeremiah prophesied Hananiah would die that year. He died two months
- Jeremiah sent his letter to
the captives in Babylon by the messengers
of King Zedekiah who were reporting to the king of Babylon.
- Jeremiah told the people to
multiply and live in peace in their captivity so they would not be
diminished. They would be captive for seventy years.
- At the end of the seventy
years when the people came back to their land if they sought God with all
their heart, prayed to Him, and called upon Him God would listen to them.
wrote to Zephaniah the priest that Jeremiah was a demented man who thought
he was a prophet. He should be stopped from writing and saying the things
he was saying . He should be locked up and put in stocks.
would die in Babylon and he would have no descendants.
- Jeremiah wrote a book to
record and to remind the people of all that God has spoke to them through
Jeremiah once they come out of captivity.
- God will guide His people
by His spirit and through godly priests and other followers and lead them in the right direction as a father will guide his
- God will return His people
from their enemies and captivity to freedom in their own land. Those who
will return have been redeemed through the punishment and deaths of those
God allowed to die during the Babylonian siege and captivity. God would
not let their sins go unpunished. The ransom is God allowing Babylon to benefit from Israel’s captivity. The
time will come for the release and return of His people from the
Babylonians. (God will redeem all people through Jesus ransoming us from
the bonds of Satan.)
- The descendants of Rachel
have been carried away captive by Babylon.
When Jesus is born, King Herod will kill all the young children two years
and under to destroy Jesus. Rachel is said to be weeping here too.
- God will send forth His
Spirit for all men to be guided into righteousness by Him in all things.
- Zedekiah did not like the
words spoken to him by Jeremiah warning him of the coming calamity to Judah and
his impending capture by the Chaldeans.
- Jeremiah buying the field
now in a time of trouble was to reassure them that God would one day bring
His people back to their own land to be blessed and dwell freely in their
- The voice of gladness, joy,
and the sacrifice of praise will return to Jerusalem.
- Jesus would become the
Branch of Righteousness who would save Israel.
- King Zedekiah would be taken
captive to Babylon
and die there. He would not die by the sword. In 2 Kings 25:7 we find that
Zedekiah had to watch his sons be killed before him and then his eyes were
put out by the Chaldeans.
- King Zedekiah tried to
enforce the law concerning the release of slaves in the seventh year of
- The Rechabites were
descendants who followed the instructions and practiced the purity of
their forefathers. They did not drink wine, build houses for themselves, sow
seed, or plant vineyards.
- God wanted the men of Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem to know
that they should obey Him as strictly as the Rechabites had obeyed the
instruction of their fathers.
- God hoped that the people
would fear the things coming against them and therefore repent and turn
back to Him. He would then forgive their iniquities and relent of the
calamities He was going to send against them.
- Jehoiakim cut the scroll up
and through it in the fire. He did not want to here the words of Jeremiah.
- Jeremiah was imprisoned in
the dungeon of the house of Jonathan the scribe.
- Jeremiah was moved to the
court of the house of Jonathan.
- The princes of Judah had
Jeremiah put in a deep mire filled dungeon.
an Ethiopian, trusted in God and helped to get Jeremiah out of the dungeon
and back into the court of the prison.
- Zedekiah knew God was with
Jeremiah. He wanted to know what was in store but did not want the people to
come against him for confiding in Jeremiah (the people despised Jeremiah
for his words against them).
- Zedekiah did not heed the
words of Jeremiah. Therefore, his sons were killed before his eyes and
then his eyes were put out. He was carried off in fetters to Babylon.
- The poor were left in the
land and given vineyards and fields.
- Jeremiah was released from
his chains to dwell freely with the people.
was spared his life during the takeover by Babylon.
was put in charge over the remnant of Judah.
was warned that the king of the Ammonites planned to murder him.
- Ishmael killed Gedaliah.
- Ishmael killed seventy of
the eighty men from Shiloh who had come
to mourn at the house of the Lord.
came to rescue the people from Ishmael.
- The people were afraid of
the Chaldeans because Ishmael had also killed some officers of Babylon in his
- The rescued remnant was
advised to stay in the land
of Judah and God
would protect them. They were not to go to Egypt or they would die by the
sword, famine, and pestilence.
- They wanted
Jeremiah’s blessing from God but they were determined to go to Egypt.
and the people chose to dwell in the land of Egypt.b
- The people soon began to
worship the gods of the land
- God blessed Baruch by
sparing his life while others would die in captivity.
- The people of Judah were returning to Egypt for a better life yet Egypt would be destroyed and come under the
rule of Babylon.
- Babylon is the flood.
- The Philistines will be
- Babylon will not stop until God stops
- Moab’s exceeding pride
and haughtiness against the Lord was there downfall.
- Ammon, Edom,
Damascus, Kedar, Hazor,
and Elam would suffer
God’s wrath for their own sins, idolatry, and their contentions
- Babylon has become prideful and rejoiced
in their devouring of God's people. They do not acknowledge God or His
- Babylon will be destroyed by another
nation. No one will ever dwell in their city again.
- The king of Assyria and the
king of Babylon were the first and the last
to scatter Israel.
- We must pull ourselves out
of sin, covetousness, and forms of idolatry so we will not be part of the
sins of the world. Babylon
represents this sinfulness. We must physically and spiritually remove
ourselves from anything or anyone that does not conform to the ways of
- A mountain could signify what
people followed or worshiped. It also represented a power nation. Babylon was a
powerful nation that devastated and corrupted the nations they conquered.
They did not acknowledge God and worshiped idols. Babylon destroyed people’s lives
and led others into their sins and idolatry.
- The Medes would come
to end that nation.
- The sea and springs
represent the offspring or growth of the nation. Babylon would be brought down and have
no inhabitants in the land forever.
- As Babylon should have acknowledged God in
their daily lives or turned back to Him, we too should keep God in our
lives or return to Him. By doing so we can keep God’s anger and
judgment from coming against us.
- Jerusalem was under siege approximately
two years and six months.
- Nebuzaradan burned down the
house of the Lord and carried away all the valuable utensils, items, and
fixtures used in the service to the Lord.