1. From King Uzziah to King Hezekiah, before the captivity of Judah.
  2. The ox and the donkey are dumb animals knew who their master was but the people who should be more intelligent didn’t know God was their master.
  3. No. They were still sinning. Their sacrifices were not sincere.
  4. If they were willing to come to God with all their hearts and be obedient to His commandments.
  5. The transgressor was those who sinned against the law; the sinner was those who never knew or served God; those who forsake are those who know God but turn away from Him.


  1. When His kingdom is set up above all other kingdoms at the second coming of Christ.
  2. They will try to cover or hide themselves with their lies and false teaching but will be unable to hide from God's truth and judgment.


  1. Their abundance of grain, food, and water would diminish. The mighty man of war, the judge, the prophet and the skilled artisan would be taken away; children and other inept leaders would rule the people.
  2. They caused them to err because they taught them wrong.


  1. The branch is the Messiah.
  2. The fruit is the message of the gospel for Israel and all people.
  3. Israel will have to suffer punishment for their sins and idolatry, and then they will be purified.
  4. God will lead them day and night.
  5. The blood of Jesus.


  1. God.
  2. Israel.
  3. Desolation, destruction, and death.


  1. This was Isaiah's repentance.
  2. Isaiah is filled by the Spirit and renewed in knowledge.
  3. He is able to speak for the Lord.


  1. The first son of Isaiah is prophesied.
  2. This son represents the people’s dependence on God because of the desolation in the land. Curds and honey was the food of a sparse people and desolated land.
  3. The Assyrians and Israelites will be destroyed.


  1. This son represented the successful conquest of the Assyrians over Damascus and Samaria.
  2. God.
  3. Mediums and wizards.


  1. Jesus.
  2. The people had cursed God before but now would praise Him because he brought salvation to them (see 8:21).
  3. The head are the elder and those in higher positions who do not lead the people correctly. The tails are the prophets are those who tell lies.
  4. Everyone was an evildoer and a hypocrite.


  1. Assyria.
  2. Their pride made them believe they had accomplished all things by their own power.


  1. a. It is Jesus. b. He will possess the Spirit of God (He will have the words of God).
  2. They represent the people at the time after Jesus' return. All will live in harmony, trust, and equality with one another.


  1. Everyone will love, praise, and exalt God.


  1. The world will be destroyed for its evil and the wicked for their iniquity.
  2. Their source of divine information and guidance will no longer lead them.
  3. The Medes.


  1. Lucifer (Satan).
  2. He wanted to exalt himself above all and be like God.
  3. No.
  4. They represent the followers of Satan and those who harmed God’s people.x


  1. They will be destroyed.


  1. Moabites will seek shelter in Judah.
  2. Jesus will come through the bloodline of Ruth a Moabite woman. His throne will be for them and all the world at the second coming.
  3. Moab was full of pride, haughtiness, and lies.


  1. They had forgotten God. They had not remembered that He was their protector and provider. Left to their own devices they deserted God and His principles.


  1. When God sets up His kingdom over all the nations' false religions and false worship.


  1. The people who lead Egypt into sin and false gods.
  2. Those who profit from those deceived and led astray.
  3. The gospel of Jesus Christ.


  1. a. 3 years. b. It was to be a serious sign against Egypt and Ethiopia. They would be led away captive, stripped, and barefoot.


  1. They were the Medes and the Persians who conquered Babylon.
  2. God gives ample warning for you to return to Him to avoid judgment and destruction.


  1. Jerusalem because they knew God and His ways. But they were in a valley were their light did not shine far.
  2. They turned from seeking God and remembering Him as their source of all things. They did not fear His judgment.


  1. Spiritually, Tyre represents a people or the church of the latter days that falls away from God.
  2. Tyre was materialistic and full of pride.
  3. Their ungodliness would cause them to be destroyed as Babylon was destroyed.
  4. The time under the control of Babylon.
  5. Tyre sought their own gain and profit through other nations. They did not concern themselves with following God.


  1. The people will be scattered and their land is laid waste.
  2. The harvesting of the people of God. After the second coming of Christ there will be only a few people left.
  3. The fallen angels and demons.
  4. Those who are leaders on the earth who do not know God or cause people to stray from God.
  5. They will be locked up for a while then punished. (This is in the latter days during the 1000 year kingdom. After this, Satan and his angels will be thrown into the Lake of Fire.)
  6. During the 1000 year reign of Christ there will be no need of the light of the moon and sun for Christ and the glory of God will be the light in the kingdom.


  1. The people who call on God for strength, trust in His protection, and know He is the One who blesses them.
  2. Those who know God and live according to His ways. This will include the Gentiles along with the Jews.
  3. He will bestow all manner of blessings upon His people. They will prosper and have favor.
  4. The covering is the sin of the people that separated them from God; the veil is the people's spiritual blindness to God's word.
  5. Death will be no more.


  1. All true believers gathered together in one place. The New Jerusalem and the redeemed.
  2. God’s people will expand to include the Gentiles.
  3. They shall arise out of their graves to live.


  1. The Dragon, Satan, and all those who revolt against God. Here it may refer to the ungodly empires of Assyria and Babylon.
  2. Israel and all those who are faithful and obedient to God.
  3. Those against God - the ungodly.
  4. God will extend forgiveness and grace to them also.
  5. God punishes Israel for their sins by sending a nation, Babylon, against them to destroy their city and scatter their people.
  6. Israel was fortified by divine protection.
  7. God will remove His divine protection and show no mercy during the siege and destruction by Babylon. However, He will not completely destroy them as He will their enemies. Israel will be desolate for a period of time (70 years).
  8. a. God will gather Israel from all places they have been dispersed mainly the land of Babylon. b. Israel will return after seventy years of captivity under the reign of King Cyrus during the Medes and Persians rule.


  1. Assyria will be used to afflict and destroy Israel.
  2. They were drunkards and full of debauchery. They could not make any sound or godly judgments.
  3. God would go to the Gentiles who would serve Him as Israel should have served Him. They will learn their lesson from the Gentiles.
  4. His precepts were not taken seriously. They were just rules and regulations that trapped them.
  5. They made a treaty with Assyria instead of trusting in God. Therefore they made a covenant with death and Sheol.
  6. Jesus.
  7. There was going to be total destruction of all people on the land.
  8. God sows His word, the seed, among all people for right judgment, godly counsel, and excellent guidance.


  1. Jerusalem will be brought down to humiliation and their foes shall increase.
  2. They spoke of God and kept the commands of the feasts but He was not in their hearts.
  3. God is the potter; they are the clay. God made man and knows his ways. Nothing can be hidden from Him.
  4. All those who wait for the opportunity to commit iniquity will be cut off.
  5. God has a plan which will bring Jacob’s children back to Him. They will honor and reverence God.


  1. Israel did not seek divine help. They sought Egypt to help them but they could not. God still would use Assyria to bring them shame, humiliation, and destruction.
  2. Israel had become a lying people. They did not want to hear the law of the Lord, proper prophecy, or truth. They wanted to be told things they wanted to hear even if not true.
  3. Those of Israel who would wait and trust in Him.
  4. God used affliction and suffering to teach them then but He will use His Spirit to guide them in the future.
  5. This light refers to the coming Millennium when Christ’s kingdom will be set up.
  6. The Assyrian king would be killed in Tophet. Tophet is the Valley of Hinnom where the false god Molech was worshiped (2 Ki 23:10).This place also symbolized Hell (Mark 9:43,44; Mat 25:41). The king of Assyria was killed while he worshiped Molech and his final destination will be Hell.


  1. The one who looks for help from other places rather than from God and the one who helps him will fail and perish together.
  2. God will be like a strong lion defending its prey. He will fight for, deliver, defend, and preserve His people who call on Him.
  3. God sent an angel to the Assyrian camp and killed 185,000 of them (2 Kings 19:35-36).


  1. There will be righteousness and understanding of God among the people.
  2. No one will be condoned or excused. They will be seen for what they are.
  3. When God pours His Spirit on them from on high and begins the restoration of Israel.
  4. They can dwell peaceably and secure, trusting in God.


  1. The Assyrians who would plunder Jerusalem.
  2. The sinners and the hypocrites are afraid of the coming judgment inflicted by the Assyrians.
  3. Those who walk upright, refuse bribes, and hate bloodshed will not be in danger of the Assyrian conquest.
  4. a. The King and His kingdom. This is the coming kingdom under Jesus. b. They will remember all the evil done by their enemies. c. They will not see any more destruction of their city or scattering of their people once the Lord stands to defend His people.


  1. These are the celestial bodies that will be shaken and fall to the earth. 
  2. Edom is all the people who have lived contrary to God's will. They are the accursed of God.
  3. They represent those great and small who are wicked.
  4. They represent what’s left after the desolation of the evil nations and people. Only the unclean animals will dwell in their place.
  5. The prophecies of Isaiah being recorded now will be compared when the event happens and proven to be accurate.


  1. The new earth will blossom and produce abundantly on its own.
  2. They will see, hear, and walk.
  3. No unclean nor Satan shall dwell there.
  4. There will be no evil to tempt him or lead him astray.


  1. He said Hezekiah had turned the people away from God (by the removal of their high places of worship. 2 Kings 18:3,4, 22).
  2. He said God had sent him against Judah.
  3. He said that the god's of the other nations could not stand against him and neither will their God (vs. 18-20).


  1. He would send a rumor and have him return to his own land where he would die by the sword.
  2. They would fall not only because of the present blasphemies but because of their pride and boasting. They felt their success and great conquests were by their own power (vs.24).
  3. The people of Judah would eat of the land whatever it produced on its own for the next three years.
  4. 185,000 were killed by the angel of the Lord.
  5. The Assyrian king was killed by his own two sons as he worshiped in the house of his false god.


  1. 15 years.
  2. The shadow on the sun dial would go backward ten degrees.


  1. An envoy from the king of Babylon.
  2. Babylon would one day carry away all his treasures he had shown them.


  1. He would exalt the humble (valleys) and humble the prideful (mountains).
  2. Who is like Him in any way? Haven’t they heard who is the creator of the earth?
  3. He never becomes faint or weary.
  4. The weak receive power and the meek receive strength.
  5. They will have renewed strength and a smooth path. They will not faint or be weary. They will not give up but will trust in God to carry them through all things.


  1. God is in control of all things.
  2. Babylon is the nation God will allow to rise to power and defeat other nations.
  3. He is before the first generation of people and will be there after the last.
  4. God asks them to bring forth their idols and see if any predictions they have made came true.


  1. a. Jesus. b. His Spirit was in Jesus. c. This is the spreading of the gospel to include the Gentiles.
  2. A bruised reed is the sorrowful sinner and weak believer whom Jesus will not condemn but will lead to life.
  3. God will hold Jesus by the hand, tell him what to do, help Him through all things He will face, and make Him a covenant to the people.
  4. He would become the covenant to the people and a light to the Gentiles.
  5. Those imprisoned and in darkness are those in sin and who do not know the way out.
  6. He wanted them to glorify and praise Him as the only God.
  7. God will remove all idolatry and those who lead people away from Him.


  1. The rivers and waters are people and obstacles that hinder or harm Israel. God will be with them through this.
  2. The fire is the greatest tribulations Israel will face. God will be with them through this too.
  3. Israel is protected from the fire because they are precious to God and He loves them.
  4. They are created to call on God and glorify Him.
  5. Israel will return from all places (north, south, east, and west) they have been dispersed.
  6. a. The blind and deaf are those who have ignored or rejected God. They are in darkness or denial. b. Israel is to testify to the reality and the greatness of God.
  7. a. The road is the spreading of message of deliverance from sin and hope of life in God. b. The Gentiles who have never served God.
  8. God simply loved Israel and as a result overlooked many of their sins.
  9. God asks Israel to speak their case of righteousness and remembrance of Him that they may justify themselves.


  1. The thirsty are those who are waiting on God’s blessing.
  2. God will pour out His Spirit on Israel’s descendants.
  3. He tried to make them understand that the same piece of wood they used for molding their gods, they also used for fire by which they cooked and warmed themselves.
  4. The city and the temple will be rebuilt.


  1. Cyrus, king of Persia.
  2. Cyrus would free the exiles of Israel and allow the city of Jerusalem to be rebuilt.
  3. Egypt, Cush, and the Sabeans.


  1. God will place His salvation in Jerusalem.


  1. a. The Chaldeans and the Babylonians. b. They were cruel to His people, Israel. c. Their astrologers and star gazers.


  1. God warned Israel early so they would not think the things that happened to them were from their idols or false gods.
  2. God allows affliction to refine His people and have them turn back to Him.
  3. He is the first and only true God, and there will be none after Him.
  4. Isaiah the prophet.
  5. If they had only obeyed God's commandments, they would have peace and righteousness.


  1. a. Jesus. b. He has been shielded by God until His time comes. God will use Him above all others He has used.
  2. a. To bring God's people back to Him. b. His God, the Father. c. The Gentiles.
  3. At the appropriate time in the future God will give His son, Jesus, because of their sins (see 2 Corinthians 6:2).
  4. He would remember them as a woman who could not forget her child.
  5. There would be other people, besides Jews, that would children of God. The Jews will wonder why the Gentiles?
  6. The Gentiles would be His children and worship God as Israel had at one time (vs. 22-23).


  1. He will not hide from the people in shame or from their persecution. He gave them the word of God.
  2. We are to trust in God.
  3. a. Those that have their own lighted path instead of trusting in God. b. They will go down in torment.


  1. Those who know righteousness and who have God's law in their heart need not fear men.
  2. The dregs of God’s fury against Israel will be removed. The fury came in desolation and destruction, famine and the sword. These will be put on those who afflict Israel.


  1. The watchmen are the people who know God and understand His work who are waiting for Him to restore Jerusalem.
  2. Jesus.
  3. The people will not know Jesus is the Messiah and He will be beaten severely (by Pilate’s soldiers).


  1. God will nurture Him and instruct Him in righteousness as He grows up. (See also Isaiah 7:15)
  2. He would not be dressed in splendor or look beautiful.
  3. He would know sorrow and grief.
  4. The iniquity of us all He will bear.
  5. He will see born again Christians.
  6. The strong; those strong in Him are all who share in His suffering, endure in righteousness, and rely on God until their end.


  1. God never really forsakes His people but allowed them to feel forsaken and this was during the Babylonian captivity.
  2. The places of sin where the false gods and idols were worshiped will be removed. (The mountains and hills here could be literal because at the time of the end the mountains and hills will be removed and the earth will suffer destruction (Eze. 38:20) as it did in the days of Noah and the flood. As it was then a small group of people received God’s mercy and lived so it will be at the end of days when Jesus returns the second time.)
  3. The servants of the Lord.


  1. We should satisfy ourselves with spiritual righteousness in God and the blessings that come from Him.
  2. The Lord is found when are hearts are right, when we forsake wickedness and unrighteousness. Otherwise, God will turn His face from us.
  3. God’s word will accomplish whatever He purposes it to do. 


  1. The Gentiles.
  2. The leaders, corrupt priests, and false prophets of Israel.


  1. The righteous person.
  2. The people were committing spiritual adultery with idols.
  3. Spiritually, they had turned as far away from God as they could.
  4. The contrite and humble person.
  5. The backslider who mourns because of God’s anger on them is one who will turn to God for healing and comfort. The wicked will not seek God and will find no peace.


  1. a. Israel sought God and fasted but He did not answer them. b. Their worship and fasting were not sincere. They were not living a godly, law abiding, or righteous life. On days they fasted they found pleasure for themselves and worked their people even harder and sought contentions and did wicked things.
  2. a. God wants us to remove injustice and oppression, to help the poor, feed the hungry, and clothe the needy. Acts of love, compassion, and justice is what God wants in our hearts. b. God will hear our calls, help us, and heal us.
  3. If Israel would let their light shine God’s blessings would pour abundantly on them. They will have repaired the breach between them and God and restored their places to dwell (the city of Jerusalem will be restored too). Their posterity will continue in this blessing knowing it was their forefathers who made things right with God.
  4. By ridding ourselves of all wickedness, then only light will go forth.
  5. We honor God by following His ways and seeking to please Him, not by doing largely our own way or seeking mainly our own pleasure.


  1. a. Sin separates us. b. God turns His face from us and withhold His blessings from us.
  2. We are ignorant of God and His paths. We don't know which way to go because of the darkness in us.
  3. God.
  4. Jesus.
  5. God will leave His Spirit with the people forever.


  1. The Gentiles.
  2. The materials and adornment for rebuilding of the temple in Jerusalem will be supplied by a Gentile nation who will also come there to worship God.
  3. a. Those that follow and obey God are His work. b. God’s work is the justification and sanctification of the people unto salvation (which He will do through Jesus). c. All the work of God’s hands will be complete at the end of the age when the new kingdom is set up.


  1. a. Isaiah is speaking here for the Messiah (see Luke 4:16-22). b. The city (Jerusalem) will be rebuilt. c. The stranger and the foreigner, the Gentiles, shall live and work together with the Israelites and will be glorified before God because of their acceptance of Him.


  1. Those who know God, make mention of Him, and do not keep silent. They are able to lead the people. (This will be the good priests and prophets.)
  2. They will not stop praying and seeking the Lord until Jerusalem is complete and glorified. (This is the New Jerusalem coming at the end of the age.)
  3. A banner marked the way or directed the people to a destination. This is a spiritual banner that will show them the way of righteousness. (The cross and Jesus became our spiritual banner.)


  1. a. Edom and Bozrah represent the lost and rebellious world. They will be covered in blood. b. This is God’s judgment on the lost and rebellious world and vengeance for His people.
  2. Isaiah declares or praises God’s loving kindness, goodness, and mercy to His people, helping them in times of affliction.
  3. The people He loved and pitied rebelled and grieved Him. In His anger He turned on them
  4. Isaiah remembered how God led Israel through the sea and the land to make an everlasting name for Him.
  5. Israel’s own uncleanness caused God to turn His face from them. He did not intervene but left them to their enemies and the consequences of their sins.
  6. The people feel they are not part of God's family any longer; they feel like those who God never ruled over.


  1. Isaiah wanted the presence of God to shake the mountains as He did on Mount Sinai so that Israel might be saved.
  2. Those who wait on God and rejoice in doing good.
  3. Their righteous acts were not out of a pure and sincere heart because they were deep in sin. They were like trying to clean something with a dirty rag.


  1. a. The Gentile nations. b. Israel.
  2. Our lives will not be cut short. We will live as the days of a tree. One will be considered accursed if they do not live past one hundred years old. (This long life must occur during the millennial period.)
  3. a. They represent enemies of God’s people. b. All enemies and oppressors of God’s people will be powerless to hurt or destroy them in the new age to come.
  4. a. The devil or those under his influence. b. All will be powerless during this time.


  1. The poor and the humble person and those who tremble at the word of God.
  2. Their sacrifices and offerings were unclean and sinful to God because the peoples’ hearts were ungracious or empty in doing them and they were still sinning and committing abominations.
  3. a. Jesus. b. God will give Israel deliverance through Jesus without Israel having to do anything.
  4. The believers that resulted from the deliverance by the male child produced the kingdom of God. Christianity grew fast.
  5. Judgment will come against the hypocrites and idolaters.
  6. Some of the Gentiles will become priests and servants in the house of the Lord.