- From King Uzziah to King Hezekiah, before the captivity of Judah.
- The ox and the donkey are
dumb animals knew who their master was but the people who should be more
intelligent didn’t know God was their master.
- No. They were still sinning.
Their sacrifices were not sincere.
- If they were willing to come
to God with all their hearts and be obedient to His commandments.
- The transgressor was those
who sinned against the law; the sinner was those who never knew or served
God; those who forsake are those who know God but turn away from Him.
- When His kingdom is set up
above all other kingdoms at the second coming of Christ.
- They will try to cover or
hide themselves with their lies and false teaching but will be unable to
hide from God's truth and judgment.
- Their abundance of grain,
food, and water would diminish. The mighty man of war, the judge, the
prophet and the skilled artisan would be taken away; children and other
inept leaders would rule the people.
- They caused them to err
because they taught them wrong.
- The branch is the Messiah.
- The fruit is the message of
the gospel for Israel
and all people.
- Israel will have to suffer
punishment for their sins and idolatry, and then they will be purified.
- God will lead them day and
- The blood of Jesus.
- Desolation, destruction, and
- This was Isaiah's
- Isaiah is filled by the
Spirit and renewed in knowledge.
- He is able to speak for the
- The first son of Isaiah is
- This son represents the
people’s dependence on God because of the desolation in the land.
Curds and honey was the food of a sparse people and desolated land.
- The Assyrians and Israelites
will be destroyed.
- This son represented the
successful conquest of the Assyrians over Damascus
- Mediums and wizards.
- The people had cursed God
before but now would praise Him because he brought salvation to them (see
- The head are the elder and those
in higher positions who do not lead the people correctly. The tails are
the prophets are those who tell lies.
- Everyone was an evildoer and
- Their pride made them
believe they had accomplished all things by their own power.
- a. It is Jesus. b. He will
possess the Spirit of God (He will have the words of God).
- They represent the people
at the time after Jesus' return. All will live in harmony, trust, and
equality with one another.
- Everyone will love, praise,
and exalt God.
- The world will be destroyed
for its evil and the wicked for their iniquity.
- Their source of divine
information and guidance will no longer lead them.
- The Medes.
- Lucifer (Satan).
- He wanted to exalt himself
above all and be like God.
- They represent the
followers of Satan and those who harmed God’s people.x
- They will be destroyed.
- Moabites will seek shelter
- Jesus will come through the bloodline
of Ruth a Moabite woman. His throne will be for them and all the world at
the second coming.
- Moab was full of pride,
haughtiness, and lies.
- They had forgotten God.
They had not remembered that He was their protector and provider. Left to
their own devices they deserted God and His principles.
- When God sets up His kingdom
over all the nations' false religions and false worship.
- The people who lead Egypt into
sin and false gods.
- Those who profit from those
deceived and led astray.
- The gospel of Jesus Christ.
- a. 3 years. b. It was to be
a serious sign against Egypt and Ethiopia. They would be led away captive,
stripped, and barefoot.
- They were the Medes and the
Persians who conquered Babylon.
- God gives ample warning for
you to return to Him to avoid judgment and destruction.
- Jerusalem because they knew God and His
ways. But they were in a valley were their light did not shine far.
- They turned from seeking God
and remembering Him as their source of all things. They did not fear His
- Spiritually, Tyre represents a
people or the church of the latter days that falls away from God.
- Tyre was materialistic and full of
- Their ungodliness would
cause them to be destroyed as Babylon
- The time under the control
- Tyre sought their own gain and profit
through other nations. They did not concern themselves with following God.
- The people will be
scattered and their land is laid waste.
- The harvesting of the
people of God. After the second coming of Christ there will be only a few
- The fallen angels and
- Those who are leaders on
the earth who do not know God or cause people to stray from God.
- They will be locked up for
a while then punished. (This is in the latter days during the 1000 year
kingdom. After this, Satan and his angels will be thrown into the Lake of Fire.)
- During the 1000 year reign
of Christ there will be no need of the light of the moon and sun for
Christ and the glory of God will be the light in the kingdom.
- The people who call on God
for strength, trust in His protection, and know He is the One who blesses
- Those who know God and live
according to His ways. This will include the Gentiles along with the Jews.
- He will bestow all manner
of blessings upon His people. They will prosper and have favor.
- The covering is the sin of
the people that separated them from God; the veil is the people's
spiritual blindness to God's word.
- Death will be no more.
- All true believers gathered
together in one place. The New Jerusalem and the redeemed.
- God’s people will
expand to include the Gentiles.
- They shall arise out of
their graves to live.
- The Dragon, Satan, and all
those who revolt against God. Here it may refer to the ungodly empires of
Assyria and Babylon.
- Israel and all those who are
faithful and obedient to God.
- Those against God - the
- God will extend forgiveness
and grace to them also.
- God punishes Israel for their sins by sending a nation, Babylon, against
them to destroy their city and scatter their people.
- Israel was fortified by divine
- God will remove His divine
protection and show no mercy during the siege and destruction by Babylon. However, He
will not completely destroy them as He will their enemies. Israel
will be desolate for a period of time (70 years).
- a. God will gather Israel from all places they have been
dispersed mainly the land
of Babylon. b.
Israel will return after seventy years of captivity under the reign of
King Cyrus during the Medes and Persians rule.
- Assyria will be used to
afflict and destroy Israel.
- They were drunkards and
full of debauchery. They could not make any sound or godly judgments.
- God would go to the
Gentiles who would serve Him as Israel should have served Him.
They will learn their lesson from the Gentiles.
- His precepts were not taken
seriously. They were just rules and regulations that trapped them.
- They made a treaty with Assyria instead of trusting in God. Therefore they
made a covenant with death and Sheol.
- There was going to be total
destruction of all people on the land.
- God sows His word, the
seed, among all people for right judgment, godly counsel, and excellent
- Jerusalem will be brought down to
humiliation and their foes shall increase.
- They spoke of God and kept
the commands of the feasts but He was not in their hearts.
- God is the potter; they are
the clay. God made man and knows his ways. Nothing can be hidden from Him.
- All those who wait for the
opportunity to commit iniquity will be cut off.
- God has a plan which will
bring Jacob’s children back to Him. They will honor and reverence
- Israel did not seek divine
help. They sought Egypt
to help them but they could not. God still would use Assyria
to bring them shame, humiliation, and destruction.
- Israel had become a lying
people. They did not want to hear the law of the Lord, proper prophecy, or
truth. They wanted to be told things they wanted to hear even if not true.
- Those of Israel who would wait and
trust in Him.
- God used affliction and
suffering to teach them then but He will use His Spirit to guide them in
- This light refers to the
coming Millennium when Christ’s kingdom will be set up.
- The Assyrian king would be
killed in Tophet. Tophet
is the Valley of Hinnom where the false god Molech was worshiped (2 Ki
23:10).This place also symbolized Hell (Mark 9:43,44; Mat 25:41). The king
of Assyria was killed while he worshiped Molech and his final destination will be Hell.
- The one who looks for help
from other places rather than from God and the one who helps him will fail
and perish together.
- God will be like a strong
lion defending its prey. He will fight for, deliver, defend, and preserve
His people who call on Him.
- God sent an angel to the
Assyrian camp and killed 185,000 of them (2 Kings 19:35-36).
- There will be righteousness
and understanding of God among the people.
- No one will be condoned or
excused. They will be seen for what they are.
- When God pours His Spirit
on them from on high and begins the restoration of Israel.
- They can dwell peaceably
and secure, trusting in God.
- The Assyrians who would
- The sinners and the
hypocrites are afraid of the coming judgment inflicted by the Assyrians.
- Those who walk upright,
refuse bribes, and hate bloodshed will not be in danger of the Assyrian
- a. The King and His kingdom.
This is the coming kingdom under Jesus. b. They will remember all the evil
done by their enemies. c. They will not see any more destruction of their
city or scattering of their people once the Lord stands to defend His
- These are the celestial
bodies that will be shaken and fall to the earth.
- Edom is all the people who
have lived contrary to God's will. They are the accursed of God.
- They represent those great
and small who are wicked.
- They represent what’s
left after the desolation of the evil nations and people. Only the unclean
animals will dwell in their place.
- The prophecies of Isaiah
being recorded now will be compared when the event happens and proven to
- The new earth will blossom
and produce abundantly on its own.
- They will see, hear, and
- No unclean nor Satan shall
- There will be no evil to
tempt him or lead him astray.
- He said Hezekiah had turned
the people away from God (by the removal of their high places of worship.
2 Kings 18:3,4, 22).
- He said God had sent him
- He said that the god's of
the other nations could not stand against him and neither will their God
- He would send a rumor and
have him return to his own land where he would die by the sword.
- They would fall not only
because of the present blasphemies but because of their pride and
boasting. They felt their success and great conquests were by their own
- The people of Judah
would eat of the land whatever it produced on its own for the next three
- 185,000 were killed by the
angel of the Lord.
- The Assyrian king was
killed by his own two sons as he worshiped in the house of his false god.
- 15 years.
- The shadow on the sun dial would
go backward ten degrees.
- An envoy from the king of
- Babylon would one day carry away all his
treasures he had shown them.
- He would exalt the humble
(valleys) and humble the prideful (mountains).
- Who is like Him in any way?
Haven’t they heard who is the creator of the earth?
- He never becomes faint or
- The weak receive power and
the meek receive strength.
- They will have renewed
strength and a smooth path. They will not faint or be weary. They will not
give up but will trust in God to carry them through all things.
- God is in control of all
- Babylon is the nation God will allow to
rise to power and defeat other nations.
- He is before the first
generation of people and will be there after the last.
- God asks them to bring
forth their idols and see if any predictions they have made came true.
- a. Jesus. b. His Spirit was
in Jesus. c. This is the spreading of the gospel to include the Gentiles.
- A bruised reed is the
sorrowful sinner and weak believer whom Jesus will not condemn but will
lead to life.
- God will hold Jesus by the
hand, tell him what to do, help Him through all things He will face, and
make Him a covenant to the people.
- He would become the covenant
to the people and a light to the Gentiles.
- Those imprisoned and in
darkness are those in sin and who do not know the way out.
- He wanted them to glorify
and praise Him as the only God.
- God will remove all
idolatry and those who lead people away from Him.
- The rivers and waters are
people and obstacles that hinder or harm Israel. God will be with them
- The fire is the greatest
will face. God will be with them through this too.
- Israel is protected from the fire
because they are precious to God and He loves them.
- They are created to call on
God and glorify Him.
- Israel will return from all
places (north, south, east, and west) they have been dispersed.
- a. The blind and deaf are
those who have ignored or rejected God. They are in darkness or denial. b.
is to testify to the reality and the greatness of God.
- a. The road is the
spreading of message of deliverance from sin and hope of life in God. b.
The Gentiles who have never served God.
- God simply loved Israel and
as a result overlooked many of their sins.
- God asks Israel to
speak their case of righteousness and remembrance of Him that they may
- The thirsty are those who
are waiting on God’s blessing.
- God will pour out His Spirit
- He tried to make them
understand that the same piece of wood they used for molding their gods,
they also used for fire by which they cooked and warmed themselves.
- The city and the temple
will be rebuilt.
- Cyrus, king of Persia.
- Cyrus would free the exiles
of Israel and allow the
city of Jerusalem
to be rebuilt.
and the Sabeans.
- God will place His
salvation in Jerusalem.
- a. The Chaldeans and the Babylonians.
b. They were cruel to His people, Israel. c. Their astrologers
and star gazers.
- God warned Israel
early so they would not think the things that happened to them were from
their idols or false gods.
- God allows affliction to
refine His people and have them turn back to Him.
- He is the first and only
true God, and there will be none after Him.
- Isaiah the prophet.
- If they had only obeyed
God's commandments, they would have peace and righteousness.
- a. Jesus. b. He has been
shielded by God until His time comes. God will use Him above all others He
- a. To bring God's people
back to Him. b. His God, the Father. c. The Gentiles.
- At the appropriate time in
the future God will give His son, Jesus, because of their sins (see 2 Corinthians
- He would remember them as a
woman who could not forget her child.
- There would be other
people, besides Jews, that would children of God. The Jews will wonder why
- The Gentiles would be His
children and worship God as Israel had at one time (vs.
- He will not hide from the
people in shame or from their persecution. He gave them the word of God.
- We are to trust in God.
- a. Those that have their
own lighted path instead of trusting in God. b. They will go down in torment.
- Those who know
righteousness and who have God's law in their heart need not fear men.
- The dregs of God’s
fury against Israel
will be removed. The fury came in desolation and destruction, famine and
the sword. These will be put on those who afflict Israel.
- The watchmen are the people
who know God and understand His work who are waiting for Him to restore Jerusalem.
- The people will not know
Jesus is the Messiah and He will be beaten severely (by Pilate’s
- God will nurture Him and
instruct Him in righteousness as He grows up. (See also Isaiah 7:15)
- He would not be dressed in
splendor or look beautiful.
- He would know sorrow and
- The iniquity of us all He
- He will see born again
- The strong; those strong in
Him are all who share in His suffering, endure in righteousness, and rely
on God until their end.
- God never really forsakes
His people but allowed them to feel forsaken and this was during the
- The places of sin where the
false gods and idols were worshiped will be removed. (The mountains and
hills here could be literal because at the time of the end the mountains
and hills will be removed and the earth will suffer destruction (Eze. 38:20) as it did in the days of Noah and the
flood. As it was then a small group of people received God’s mercy
and lived so it will be at the end of days when Jesus returns the second
- The servants of the Lord.
- We should satisfy ourselves
with spiritual righteousness in God and the blessings that come from Him.
- The Lord is found when are
hearts are right, when we forsake wickedness and unrighteousness.
Otherwise, God will turn His face from us.
- God’s word will accomplish
whatever He purposes it to do.
- The Gentiles.
- The leaders, corrupt
priests, and false prophets of Israel.
- The righteous person.
- The people were committing
spiritual adultery with idols.
- Spiritually, they had
turned as far away from God as they could.
- The contrite and humble
- The backslider who mourns
because of God’s anger on them is one who will turn to God for
healing and comfort. The wicked will not seek God and will find no peace.
- a. Israel
sought God and fasted but He did not answer them. b. Their worship and
fasting were not sincere. They were not living a godly, law abiding, or
righteous life. On days they fasted they found pleasure for themselves and
worked their people even harder and sought contentions and did wicked
- a. God wants us to remove
injustice and oppression, to help the poor, feed the hungry, and clothe
the needy. Acts of love, compassion, and justice is what God wants in our
hearts. b. God will hear our calls, help us, and heal us.
- If Israel
would let their light shine God’s blessings would pour abundantly on
them. They will have repaired the breach between them and God and restored
their places to dwell (the city of Jerusalem
will be restored too). Their posterity will continue in this blessing
knowing it was their forefathers who made things right with God.
- By ridding ourselves of all
wickedness, then only light will go forth.
- We honor God by following
His ways and seeking to please Him, not by doing largely our own way or seeking
mainly our own pleasure.
- a. Sin separates us. b. God
turns His face from us and withhold His blessings from us.
- We are ignorant of God and
His paths. We don't know which way to go because of the darkness in us.
- God will leave His Spirit
with the people forever.
- The Gentiles.
- The materials and adornment
for rebuilding of the temple in Jerusalem
will be supplied by a Gentile nation who will also come there to worship
- a. Those that follow and
obey God are His work. b. God’s work is the justification and
sanctification of the people unto salvation (which He will do through
Jesus). c. All the work of God’s hands will be complete at the end
of the age when the new kingdom is set up.
- a. Isaiah is speaking here
for the Messiah (see Luke 4:16-22). b. The city (Jerusalem) will be rebuilt. c. The
stranger and the foreigner, the Gentiles, shall live and work together
with the Israelites and will be glorified before God because of their
acceptance of Him.
- Those who know God, make
mention of Him, and do not keep silent. They are able to lead the people.
(This will be the good priests and prophets.)
- They will not stop praying
and seeking the Lord until Jerusalem
is complete and glorified. (This is the New Jerusalem coming at the end of
- A banner marked the way or
directed the people to a destination. This is a spiritual banner that will
show them the way of righteousness. (The cross and Jesus became our
- a. Edom and Bozrah represent the lost and rebellious world. They
will be covered in blood. b. This is God’s judgment on the lost and
rebellious world and vengeance for His people.
- Isaiah declares or praises
God’s loving kindness, goodness, and mercy to His people, helping
them in times of affliction.
- The people He loved and
pitied rebelled and grieved Him. In His anger He turned on them
- Isaiah remembered how God
through the sea and the land to make an everlasting name for Him.
- Israel’s own uncleanness
caused God to turn His face from them. He did not intervene but left them
to their enemies and the consequences of their sins.
- The people feel they are not
part of God's family any longer; they feel like those who God never ruled
- Isaiah wanted the presence
of God to shake the mountains as He did on Mount Sinai so that Israel
might be saved.
- Those who wait on God and
rejoice in doing good.
- Their righteous acts were not
out of a pure and sincere heart because they were deep in sin. They were
like trying to clean something with a dirty rag.
- a. The Gentile nations. b. Israel.
- Our lives will not be cut
short. We will live as the days of a tree. One will be considered accursed
if they do not live past one hundred years old. (This long life must occur
during the millennial period.)
- a. They represent enemies
of God’s people. b. All enemies and oppressors of God’s people
will be powerless to hurt or destroy them in the new age to come.
- a. The devil or those under
his influence. b. All will be powerless during this time.
- The poor and the humble
person and those who tremble at the word of God.
- Their sacrifices and
offerings were unclean and sinful to God because the peoples’ hearts
were ungracious or empty in doing them and they were still sinning and
- a. Jesus. b. God will give Israel deliverance through Jesus without Israel
having to do anything.
- The believers that resulted
from the deliverance by the male child produced the kingdom of God.
Christianity grew fast.
- Judgment will come against
the hypocrites and idolaters.
- Some of the Gentiles will
become priests and servants in the house of the Lord.