- They had tuned from following
the simplicity of the gospel of Christ.
- They were trying to uphold
the Mosaic Law and its rituals and ceremonies by blending it in with the
gospel of faith.
- Jesus met Paul on the road to
and made known to him that the gospel was true.
- Paul conferred with no one
immediately. It was three years before he met with Peter. Paul was lead
and taught by the Spirit.
- He was compelled by God to go
to the apostles and communicate to them the substance of his labor and
teachings of the gospel.
- a. They avoided being circumcised.
b. They wanted to show the freedom they had in the gospel from the rites
and rituals of the law.
- They asked Paul only to
remember the poor saints.
- Peter would eat with the
Gentiles who were uncircumcised, but not when the "pillars" (the
leaders of the Jews) would be present.
- The Mosaic law and its
rituals would not justify them but having faith in Jesus Christ and the
atonement that came from His sacrifice would.
- The Holy Spirit will enter
- They had fallen back to
practicing the law and circumcision.
- Abraham believed God through
faith (430 years before the law).
- The law identified sin and
guided and cleansed them until Jesus would come who would give atonement
for sins and send the Spirit to guide us.
- Moses was mediator of the law
and Jesus was the mediator of the Spirit.
- a. God and Israel in
the first mediation; God and the world in the second. b. The law is the
tool between God and the Jews. The Spirit is the helper between God and
all the nations.
- The Holy Spirit by whom we
are guided in the faith.
- First by our faith in His son
and then by His Spirit who is in us.
- a. They were turning back to
the rituals and ceremonies of the law observing days and seasons, etc. b.
He was afraid he had labored in vain because the law could not save them.
Only faith in the gospel could save them.
- Paul’s infirmity may be
referring here to his lost eyesight. Because of this event he began
preaching the gospel.
- Isaac was the child of the
free woman. Ishmael was the child of the bondwoman. Those of the faith of
Abraham and Isaac are free from the works of the law. Those who hang onto
the law are still in bondage.
- The physical Jerusalem in the time of Paul was still
in bondage to the law. The spiritual Jerusalem
is of above in those who have faith in the gospel.
- They were trying to uphold
the rituals of the law and circumcision again. They are in bondage to the
whole law to do all things it requires.
- They fell from the freedom they
had in Jesus. Jesus did away with the law and all its seasonal and ritual
- We are free from the law but
not its virtues and restraints to indulge in the passions of the flesh. We
should love and serve one another.
- Love, joy, peace, patience,
kindness, goodness, faithfulness, gentleness, and self-control are some
characteristics of walking in the Spirit.
- We must crucify the corrupt
passions and selfish desires of the flesh.
- a. We must help others
gently, kindly, patiently, and in forgiveness. b. We must consider that we
too can fall into the same sin and we would want to be corrected with a
loving and forgiving spirit.
- We should not form an improper
opinion of ourselves but examine our works and character against the word
- a. Fulfilling your soul of
worldly desires, corrupt passions, and selfish desires is sowing to the
flesh. b. Sowing to the flesh reaps things that
are temporal and will perish including your soul at the judgment.
- They sought converts and
approval from men so they could boast in their zeal for their religion (though
they may not be pure in it) and to avoid persecution for the cross by the