1. She prayed for a son.
  2. She would make her son a Nazarite, and give him to the Lord all the days of his life.
  3. He thought she was drunk with wine.
  4. Hanna named her son Samuel.


  1. They were taking more than their share and the best pieces of the sacrifices. They also lay with the women who came to the tabernacle.
  2. Eli spoke to his sons but he did not stop them. He should have had them removed from their positions and possibly stoned according to the commandment of the law to remove the evil from Israel.
  3. There would be no old men in Eli's family and his sons would die on the same day.


  1. God told him He would now carry out the word He had spoken against Eli and his family.


  1. They went with the ark to the battle against the Philistines, and there they were killed.
  2. When he heard his sons were dead and more particularly that the ark was captured, he fell off his chair backward and being old and heavy he broke his neck.


  1. It fell down on its face before the ark of God. It's head and hands were broken off at another time.
  2. The people died, were stricken with tumors, and had rats plague there land.


  1. To remove the ark from their presence with a test to see if the God of Israel had been the one against them.
  2. They would send the ark on a cart with a trespass offering pulled by two cows which had never been yoked. If the cart was pulled by the cows toward Beth Shemesh, they would know God was the One against them. If it went any other way, they would say it had been by chance that all these things had happened to them.
  3. The cows went straight to the road to Beth Shemesh.
  4. The people had looked into the ark of the Lord.
  5. They moved the ark to Kirjath Jearim.


  1. He sent loud thunder on the Philistines and confused them.
  2. Ebenezer, "Thus far, the Lord has helped us."


  1. No, Samuel's sons did evil.
  2. The people wanted a king to judge them and lead them in their battles.


  1. Saul, the son of Kish was chosen for king of Israel.


  1. All the things Samuel told Saul would happen, came true. He believed and accepted God's plan for him. He opened his heart and was filled with the Spirit of God.


  1. The Ammonites wanted to put out the right eye of each of the men of Israel when they surrendered.
  2. He cut up an ox into pieces and sent it throughout all the territory of Israel and said thus it would be done to their oxen if they did not come out to the battle.
  3. 330,000 men came to the battle.
  4. Saul did not want the men to be put to death for it was a great day of salvation of the Lord that day.


  1. He told them how righteous God had been to them, how He had delivered them out of the hand of their enemies every time. He also reminded them that God would punish them if they did not follow His commandments.
  2. They had asked for a king when God should have been their 'king'.


  1. He did not show trust or patience in God. He took matters into his own hands instead of waiting on God.
  2. Saul and his son, Jonathan had weapons but their men did not for the Philistines had removed all the blacksmiths.


  1. His confidence was in God. He knew God could save them from their enemies with the hand of many or just a few.
  2. He would not let anyone eat until the Philistines were defeated. This only made the people hungry and weak. They had no strength to fight the Philistines.


  1. To utterly destroy every man, woman, child, infant, and animal.
  2. He did not utterly destroy the Amalekites. He saved the best animals, anything that was good, and kept the king alive.
  3. Saul had turned from following Him. God regretted having made him king.
  4. a. He was going to sacrifice them to God. b. Samuel told him it is better to obey and heed the voice of the Lord than to offer sacrifices.


  1. God chose David, the son of Jesse, of Bethlehem.
  2. He became an armor bearer to Saul and also played the harp for him in his times of distress.


  1. Goliath was six cubits and a span tall. This would make him over nine feet tall.
  2. If anyone fought him and killed him, the Philistines will be Israel's servants. If he killed the Israelite, then they would be the Philistines' servants.
  3. David rose to the challenge of Goliath.
  4. God had delivered him from the lion and the bear. God would deliver him from Goliath.
  5. He used a sling and a smooth stone which struck Goliath in the forehead. Goliath was then killed and beheaded.


  1. He became jealous of David because the women sang that David had killed more Philistines than Saul.
  2. He knew the Lord was with David, but that He had left him (Saul). He felt David would become king over the kingdom.
  3. He would send him out to battle and hoped the Philistines would kill him.
  4. Saul thought he could manipulate David through the marriage to his daughter.


  1. Jonathan, Saul's son, became really close to David.
  2. He fled to Samuel at Ramah.
  3. Each group sent began to prophesy.
  4. Saul also began to prophesy.
  5. God was showing Saul that He was in control. Saul would have to do what God wanted Him to do.


  1. No, Saul was likely hiding his plans from Jonathan because he knew his son's favor for David.
  2. During the Feast of the New Moon when David would not be at Saul's table, Jonathan would test his father. If Saul did not get angry because David was not present, then David was safe. If Saul became angry, then David was not safe from his father.
  3. Jonathan would shoot 3 arrows in a field and send a lad to retrieve them. David would be hiding and watching. If Jonathan called to the boy and said, "The arrows are on this side of you," it meant David was safe. If he said to the lad, "The arrows are beyond you," it meant David was not safe and needed to flee.
  4. It was not safe for David to return before the King.
  5. Yes, both of them wept together.


  1. David saought food for he and his men with him and also a weapon.
  2. He pretended to be insane so the king of Gath would not kill him.


  1. Everyone who was distressed, in debt, and discontented joined with David.
  2. He offered them fields, vineyards, and to make them captains over men.
  3. He killed Ahimelech and 85 priests who wore a linen ephod.
  4. No other servants would lift a hand against God's priests. Doeg was the one who had informed Saul of the help the priests had given David.


  1. a. The city of Keilah. b. They would turn him over to Saul in fear of their lives.
  2. Jonathan knew that David be made king over Israel. He felt that he would be next in power with David.
  3. He was told the Philistines were invading the land. He left to defend his land.


  1. Saul walked into the same cave in which David and his men were hiding.
  2. David cut off a corner of his robe while Saul was taking care of his needs.
  3. He would not strike a hand against the Lord's anointed. He knew that God would be the one to remove His chosen vessel if need be.
  4. He wept and told David he was more righteous than he. He seemed to be sincerely thankful and understanding.
  5. Saul asked him to not cut off any of his descendants after Him.


  1. A rich man who was very harsh and evil.
  2. David asked for supplies and food since he had protected Nabal's men and flocks from any trouble.
  3. a. No, Nabal said he did not know who David was or where he was from. b. Nabal means 'fool'. c. David planned to destroy all the males of Nabal by daylight.
  4. Abigail, Nabal's wife knew of David and of her husband's harshness. She made haste to correct her husband's wicked heart.
  5. God struck him, and he died in 10 days.
  6. He asked her to be his wife.


  1. He took Saul's spear and water jug that was laying by his head.
  2. He would not raise a hand against the Lord's anointed. He knew God would strike Saul or have him die in a battle.
  3. Abner, the commander of Saul's army.
  4. He promised he would not seek to harm David anymore.


  1. The people of Gath, a Philistine city.
  2. David attacked the cities of the Philistines.
  3. David left no survivors so there would be no one to bring news to the king of Gath.
  4. He believed David hated his own people, Israel, very much and would be a servant to him forever.


  1. Saul sought a medium.
  2. The medium told Saul that he and his sons would be killed the next day in battle.
  3. David would be made king.


  1. The majority of the lords of the Philistines thought he would turn on them in battle to gain favor from Saul.


  1. The Amalekites had plundered their camp and had taken their women and children.
  2. He inquired of God through the ephod and the priest.
  3. An Egyptian servant of theirs left behind when he became sick.
  4. He said God had given them all that they had received, and it would be shared with all men regardless whether they had fought or not.
  5. He sent some of the plunder to some of the cites in Israel.


  1. They were killed in the battle.
  2. Saul was wounded but fell on his own sword to avoid being abused and killed by the Philistines.
  3. They cut off the heads and hung the bodies on a wall.